- Created by: Q_
- Created on: 02-04-19 11:14
- ELECTORAL SYSTEMS OVERVIEW
- Elections are central to politics in a liberal democracy. Their main functions include determining and legitimising government, holding politicians to account, and ensuring the democratic participation and representation of the people.
- The FPTP electoral system is used for general elections in the UK. A candidate in a single-member constituency needs only a plurality to win (i.e. ONE MORE VOTE THAN THEIR NEAREST RIVAL).
- Supporters of FPTP claim that it produces a strong, stable and responsible government. Critics argue that is is disproportional, resulted in wasted votes and denies voters real choice.
- Four other electoral systems are used for elections beyond Westminster: the supplementary vote, the closed list system, the single transferable vote, and the additional member system.
- A series of referendums have been held in the last 20 years. This raises questions about the relationship between parliamentary and popular sovereignty.
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