Electoral Systems

  • Created by: Q_
  • Created on: 02-04-19 10:46
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  • Have the additional member system, supplementary vote, single transferable vote and regional list been effective in the UK?
    • NO
      • The new systems have not always delivered highly proportional outcomes.
      • Extremist parties have gained seats - the British National Party (BNP) won two seats in the 2009 European Parliamentelections.
      • The closed list element of AMS restricts voter choice and gives party bosses a significant say over the composition of the legislature.
      • The relationship between representatives and constituents has been weakened by using large multi-member constituencies, or, in AMS, creating two classes of representative.
      • Turnout has been low.
      • Some voters appear confused by the different systems, evidenced the relatively high number of spoiled ballot papers and wasted second preference votes.
    • YES
      • Election results have been more proportional, translating votes cast into seats won more effectively.
      • The rise of multiparty politics is reflected in election outcomes with smaller parties winning seats and taking office.
      • Voters have a greater choice as votes for small parties are less likely to be wasted.
      • Minority and coalition governments in the devolved assemblies have been stable.
      • The new electoral systems have helped to produce more representative political systems.
      • Voters have become more sophisticated, often engaging in split-ticket voting.

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