Ecologism

  • Created by: EliseJ
  • Created on: 12-03-18 12:18
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  • Ecologism
    • Overview
      • Coined by Ernst Haeckel
        • 'the investigations of total relations of the animal both to its organic and inorganic environment'
      • Studies relationship - living organisms + their environment
        • Nature = interconnected whole, embracing humans + non humans + inanimate beings in world
      • Multiple strains
        • Shallow = harness lessons of ecology to human ends + needs - modernist/reformist approach to environmental change
        • Deep = reject any belief humans superior to any other species
        • Eco- socialism
        • Eco-anarchism
        • Eco-feminism
    • Founding Principles
      • Ecology
        • Recognise animals + plants sustained by self-regulating natural systems
        • All ecosystems tend towards state of harmony by system of self-regualtion
        • Natural World = complex web of ecosystems
        • Conflicts w/notion humankind = masters of nature
        • Arne Naess = Deep + Shallow ecology
      • Holism
        • Whole more important than parts - understanding gained by studying relationship among parts
        • Trad ideologies assume hb as masters of natural world
        • Each part only has meaning in relation to other parts
      • Self-actualisation
        • Against materialism
        • Consumption = happiness
      • Environmental Ethics
        • Look after Earth for future generations
        • We are custodians to Earth
      • Sustainability
        • Kenneth Boulding - Spaceship Earth
        • HB act as if live in 'cowboy economy' - unlimited oppurtunities
        • Open systems = receive energy from outside - sun
        • Closed systems = decay because not sustained by external inputs
    • Key thinkers
      • James Lovelock
        • Gaia
      • Arne Naess
        • Deep + Shallow
      • Fritjof Capra
        • Traced origins of humans as masters back to Descartes and Newton - 'The turning point'

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