Down's Syndrome PT 2

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  • Down's Syndrome
    • Age range
      • A genetic condition caused by the presence of an extra chromosome 21
        • Born with 47 instead of 46 (which is the usual amount)
      • Shorten their life expectancy
        • Due to higher respiratory illness and congenital heart abnormalities
      • The average life expectancy for a person with Down's Syndrome is 60 years old instead of 81 years old (UK national average)
        • In the 1950s people with down syndrome were only expected to live until 15
      • Develops during pregnancy (often during conception)
        • Pregnancy scans and tests can confirm whether the baby has Down's Syndrome
          • A definite answer can be given at the 20 week scan
    • Treatments
      • There is no treatment to cure or prevent the condition
      • Treatment is aimed at monitoring the complications
        • Most compilations are treatable
      • Physical therapy
        • Activities and exercises that build motor skills, increase muscle strength, and improve posture and balance
      • Speech and language therapies
        • Helps to improve communication skills and use language more efficiently
      • Emotional and behavioural therapies
        • Many individuals with Down's Syndrome become easily frustrated because of the struggles when communicating
          • This could lead to compulsive behaviours and mental health issues
    • Health and social care staff involved in care
      • Speech and language therapist
        • To support them with any struggles whilst trying to communicate
      • Physiotherapist
        • For support with exercises and physical activity to help build muscle tone
      • Optician and Audiologists
        • For help with vision and hearing issues
      • Occupational thearpist
        • Who helps make adaptions to their home to help support their condition as they develop
      • GP
        • To monitor and prescribe any medication needed
      • Paediatrician
        • Who will have regular check ups during childhood and adolesence
      • Social worker
        • To support the individual to overcome social problems such as applying for benefits


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