Dippermouth Blues 1923

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  • Dippermouth Blues 1923
    • New Orleans/ Dixieland Jazz piece. ODJB first to record jazz music (white)
    • Melody and Texture
      • Call and response = between cornets
      • Polyphonic interweaving melodies
      • Narrow range of instruments
      • Imitation = cornets and clarinet
      • Superimposition of AAB melodies over ABC harmonies (blues features)
      • Extra cornet = denser polyphony
      • No individual allowed to dominate - typical New Orleans Style
    • Harmony
      • Follow standard 12 bar blues pattern
      • Stoptime provide foundation for loose improvised melodic lines
      • Blues harmony further depicted by non tempered scale intervals
      • Fluctuation between major and minor 3rds - early blues
      • Wavering tonality established through glissandos, pitch bending and vibrato
    • Instruments
      • Cornets: Alternating melody line. Q&A = Virtuosic. Typical blues
      • Clarinet: High-pitched obbligato, arpeggiated melodies. Dotted notes 4 syncopation
      • Trombone: Semi-melodic&bass role. Leading glissandos. Half speed of melody lines.
      • Piano: Left hand=regular 4 beat walking bass. stabilises piece. Octaves
      • Banjo: 4 beat strumming triads. Regular pulse
      • Drums: Inaudible
      • During solos = stoptime traids. Relaxed rhythmic feel = early blues
    • Choruses
      • Chorus 1: Full ensemble. Polyphony of frontline. Accompaniment=pulse
      • Chorus 2:Long, pitched clarinet, tromb =slower
      • Chorus 3: Accomp.stop time + clarinet solo
      • Chrous 4: Clarinet solo = shrill
      • Chorus 5: Led by tailgate tromb. Full ensemble. Dutiful roles back.
      • Chorus 6: Cornet solo. Plunger mute. 2 notes, minor 3rd ascending. Flattened 3rd
      • Chorus 7: Same as bar 6. Solo develops. Low clari makes cornet stand out more
      • Chrous 8: Shouting vocals at end. Cornet leads at beginning
      • Chorus 9: Same as chorus 8.
      • Tag: 2 bars composed
    • Rhythm and Metre
      • 4/4 pulse
      • Offbeat pulses propel music
      • Cornet: main melody unifies rhythmic parts
      • Clarinet: relentless rhythmic continuity
      • Trombone: Half speed. loose rhythmic swing.
      • Piano&Banjo: Regular pulsing 4/4 beats=backbone. Octaves in left hand emphasise bears

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