The History of Jazz Part 1

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  • The History of Jazz
    • Ragtime (1900-1917)
      • 16 sections repeated (2 bar question and answer phrases
      • Melody heavily syncopated
        • Magnetic Rag(1914)
      • Often chromatic
      • Single line/octave melodies
      • Piano music - right hand melody, very percussive
        • C Section is in the sub dom
        • Oom-pah right hand - not syncopated
      • AABBCCDD Form
        • Composed no improve.
      • Intro melody often in octaves
      • Primary chords I, IV, V with 7ths
    • Blues (1910-1920)
      • Blues notes - flattened 3rd, 7th, 5th. Used to emphasise meaning
        • Some based on pentatonic scale
        • 12 bar blues - WC Handy. Standardise
      • Chord progression for improve. over syncopation. Pitch bends
      • Clarinet, Trumpet, tombone, vocalist, banjo, piano, percussion
      • St Louis Blues - Composed 1914. Recorded 1925
      • Bessie Smith - Portamento
    • New Orleans (1917-1925)
      • Blues notes stay
        • Syncopation. More melodic in Trumpet
          • Polyphonic
      • Trumpet and clarinet melodies interweave
        • 12 Bar blues - improv over top
      • Trumpet=less complex. Tailgate
        • High register clarinet
          • Simple rhythm section. Tuba, banjo, piano
      • Stop time chords
      • Dippermouth Blues(1923)
      • Sidewalk Blues(1926)
      • Livery Stable Blues(1917)
    • Chicago (1923 - 1930)
      • Played in Brothels, clubs etc
      • Chalameau clarinet
      • Emphasis on soloist
      • Like New Orleans Jazz not group Polyphony

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