Dibs (1971)

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  • Dibs (1971)
    • Aim
      • Use play therapy to unlock problems
      • Interact
      • Fulfil potential
    • Background
      • Axline= clinical psychologist
      • Dibs= 5 year old boy
      • Dibs: Display disturbing behaviour (no interaction, hide under tables, would not speak, would not go home)
      • Parents struggle with Dibs's behaviour
    • Procedure/Case Description
      • Spoke to Dibs's mother, watched Dibs in classroom, weekly play therapy: observe (one-way mirror), take notes, not interruption
      • Family
        • Mother= used to be surgeon, struggle with Dibs, always testing Dibs, high expectations
      • Before: unmanageable at school and home, used dolls to act family situations (bury 'papa' doll), not like locked doors
      • After: Speak to teacher, show interaction, developed better relationship with father (High IQ test)
    • Analysis
      • ID overpowered superego, Ego was overwhelmed (couldn't balance)
        • Freud's idea of fixations and the unconscious
      • Dibs worked through problems using play + symbols (dolls).
    • Evaluation
      • Low Demand Characteristics: didn't know taking part, played naturally, increase validity
      • Low Reliability: unique case study, not standardised procedure, Dibs played freely, cant be replicated to get similar results
      • Application: play therapy can be useful, children express unconscious desires
      • High Validity: case study= in-depth, qualitative data, conclusions easy to draw
      • High Validity: Axline used triangulation (three methods)
      • High Ethical: pseudonym, anonymous + Parents consented
      • Low Validity: improvements may not have been from therapy (could be: one-to-one with adult)
      • Low Generalisability: unique case study, cant generalise to target population
      • Subjectivity: only Axlines interpretation
      • High Ecological Validity: natural play-room environment


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