Decline in marriage& acceptance of cohabitation

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  • Decline in marriage& Cohabitation
    • Decline in marriage:
      • Marriage rates declining
      • 2012- 67% of marriages were first marriages for both partners
        • Compared to: 1971- 80%
      • Between 1972 and 2012- Average age at first marriage increased by about 8 yr
      • Estimated no. of people cohabiting doubled between 1996& 2012
        • For 1st Marriages: living together before: yr 2000 (80%),1950 (2%)
          • Estimated 22% of couples will cohabit rather married by 2021
    • MEANING OF COHABITATION:
      • As a fairly temporary, informal arrangement:
      • As an alternative/ substitute to marriage
      • As a preparation for/trial marriage
    • REASONS FOR DECLINE OF MARRIAGE& GROWING COHABITATION:
      • Changing role of women:
        • Women in cohabiting relationships carry out less work
      • Reduced functions of family:
        • Marriage become less of  pratical necessity
      • Changing social attitudes- Less social stigma:
        • Young people more likely to cohabit than older people- YP-easy going attitudes
      • Growing secularization:
      • The rising divorce rate:
        • Deter couples from marriages not lasting
      • Reducing risk:
        • Beck (1992)- living in "risky society" Individuals less controlled by traditional structures& institution
          • Less loyalty demanded by social norms of marriage

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