Cosmological arguement - David Hume

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  • David Hume
    • All knowledge and ideas can be reduced to some experience
      • Humans think they know a great deal more about the external world than is warrented
        • Humans allow their imagination to make a connection between cause and effect
          • Aquinas observed cause and effect around him, he was wrong in making this connection as Hume argues they are two completely separate events.
            • It is a habbit of the mind that is making this connection
              • it is not therefore proof for god causing the universe to exist.
    • in 'Dialogues concerning religion' Hume asks why we must conclude that the universe had a beginning
      • "how can anything that exists from eternity have a cause?"
        • even if the universe did begin, it does not mean anything caused it to come into existance
    • As we have no direct experience of the creation of universes, we can not speak meaningfully of the universe
      • He did not believe that there was either sufficient evidence to prove the cause of the universe or even that it was caused
    • Hume is criticising the idea of causation which is focused on way 2
      • As an empiricist he cannot speculate about the beginning of the universe
        • why cant there be infinite regress?

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