Criticisms of the Cosmological Argument
These are several problems of the Cosmological Argument. This will be useful if you need to evaluate the argument. There is no real order, however I have generally and loosely placed the 'better' problems at the top.
I have also selected appropriate words and phrases for the 'test yourself' function. So feel free to try that out.
Kant's application of experience: Immanuel Kant said it was pointless to apply the empirical notion of cause and effect to a metaphysical idea. It is nonsense to attempt to use our experience to investigate something which we have not, or cannot, experience. In the cosmological argument - we can't apply our idea of cause and effect to something outside the universe (God), and thus Kant said it was impossible to know anything about God as he transcends our experience.
Nature of the necessary being: The first cause may not be an omnipotent, benevolent moral, personal deity in the traditional religious sense. It may instead be nothing more than a property or law of physics or mathematics which is yet to be understood. This would make the first cause an amoral, impersonal, blind, non-conscious force. If this were true, it would render the cosmological…