Cystic fibrosis

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  • Cystic fibrosis
    • Effects
      • Exhaustion
      • Stress
      • Depression
      • Uncertainty
      • Lack of controll
      • Fed up
    • Symptoms
      • Wheezing
      • Thick mucus
    • Cause
      • CFTR Gene
      • One-in-four chance that the child will not inherit either of the faulty genes (the child will not have cystic fibrosis and will not be a carrier of the condition)
      • One-in-two chance that the child will inherit one copy of the faulty gene from either their father or mother (the child will not have cystic fibrosis but will be a carrier of the condition)
      • One-in-four chance that the child will inherit both copies of the faulty gene (the child will have cystic fibrosis)
    • Treatment
      • Medication
        • Bronchodilators
        • Antibiotics
          • Used to fight infections
          • Pill, Inhayled via nebuliser devise, IV, Capsules, Liquids
        • Corticosteroids
          • Reduce swelling of airways
        • Pulmozyme
        • Vaccinations and flu jabs
      • Lung Transplants
      • Physiotherapy
        • Traditionally, physiotherapy for cystic fibrosis focused mainly on airway clearance (clearing mucus from the lungs).
        • Daily exercise, inhalation therapy, posture awareness and, for some, the management of urinary incontinence.
    • Diagnosis
      • Newborn Screening
        • A heal prick is done when a baby is first born, the blood is collected on a card and analysed in a lab for CF
      • Antenatal Testing
        • At 10 weeks of pregnancy, chronic villius sampling (where a needle passes into the womb) is used.
      • Sweat Testing
        • People with CF will have a higher level of salt in their sweat than others
        • It is usually done by applying a very weak and painless electric current to a small area of skin to which a harmless chemical has been applied.
          • This causes that area of skin to sweat. A sample of the sweat is then collected and analysed. If the salt content in the sweat is abnormally high, this confirms cystic fibrosis.
      • Genetic testing
      • Carrier testing
      • Tests later in life
        • Spirometry
        • CHest X-ray
        • CT Scan


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