Cystic Fibrosis

To use: Revise, revise, revise

HideShow resource information

What causes Cystic Fibrosis?

Cystic Fibrosis doesn't really have factors that increase the risk of a child getting the condition.

  • It is passed on genetically
  • People with the condition produce thick, sticky mucus in the lining of their internal organs (lungs, digestive system)
1 of 5

What are the signs/symptoms of Cystic Fibrosis?

There are lots of signs/symptoms that a person with this condition suffers from. These include:

  • Persistant coughing/wheezing
  • Sweating, salting skin
  • huge appetite, poor weight gain
  • Pale, oily faeces
  • recurring chest/lung infections
2 of 5

How is Cystic Fibrosis diagnosed?

Sweat test

People with the condition have oily, salty skin, so this can be swabbed and tested for Cystic Fibrosis.

Newborn screening

A week after birth, a midwife will ask to take a sample of blood from the baby's heel. This will be tested for Cystic Fibrosis.
This type of newborn screening is called "blood spot screening."

3 of 5

How is Cystic Fibrosis treated?

There are lots of different ways to treat Cystic Fibrosis, including:

  • Antibiotics for recurring chest/lung infections
  • Physiotherapy - exercise to help clear mucus from the lungs
  • Bronchodilators - medication to help expand airways
  • If the condition is severe, a lung transplant may be required

At the moment, there is no cure for the condition.

4 of 5

How does Cystic Fibrosis progress?

As a person with the condition grows older, they may develop:

  • A barrel-shaped chest
  • Nasal polyps (abnormal tissue growths)

They're also at risk of:

  • Collapsed lungs
  • Diabetes
  • Cirrhosis of the liver
  • Bowel obstruction
  • Sterility (males)
  • Difficulty conceiving (female)
5 of 5


No comments have yet been made

Similar Health & Social Care resources:

See all Health & Social Care resources »See all Investigating disease resources »