Buddhism Beliefs and Teachings

  • Created by: lx1234
  • Created on: 10-02-18 11:16
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  • Buddhism
    • Beliefs and Teachings
      • The Eightfold Path
        • Right Action
        • Right Speech
        • Right Thought
        • Right Effort
        • Right Livliehood
        • Right Concentration
          • Evil
            • Natural Evil - Evil caused by nature, e.g tsunami's, earthquakes
              • Buddhist believe the victims of natural evi should be treated with metta, (loving compassion)
            • Moral Evil - A Humans actions resulting in suffering, e.g Murder, ****...
              • Buddhists believe those who do evil should be forgiven, you should not show resentment to those who commit evil as usually there are deep, underlying reasons which can be difficult to understand.
        • Right mindfulness
        • Right View
    • Practices
      • Festivals
        • Parinirvana Day
          • Celebrate by going to Buddhist temples or monastries
          • Food is prepared, some people bring money and clothes as gifts
          • They remember friends or relations who have recently died and reflect on the fact that death is a part of life for everyone.
          • Buddhists think about their lives and how they can work towards gaining the perfect peace of Nirvana.
          • Mahayana Buddhist holiday
        • Vesak
          • Celebrate the birth of the Buddha
          • Lanterns are lit
          • Elaborate light displays
          • Visit temples
  • 1. Refrain from harming sentient beings
    • The 5 Moral Precepts
      • Beliefs and Teachings
        • The Eightfold Path
          • Right Action
          • Right Speech
          • Right Thought
          • Right Effort
          • Right Livliehood
          • Right Concentration
            • Evil
              • Natural Evil - Evil caused by nature, e.g tsunami's, earthquakes
                • Buddhist believe the victims of natural evi should be treated with metta, (loving compassion)
              • Moral Evil - A Humans actions resulting in suffering, e.g Murder, ****...
                • Buddhists believe those who do evil should be forgiven, you should not show resentment to those who commit evil as usually there are deep, underlying reasons which can be difficult to understand.
          • Right mindfulness
          • Right View
      • 3. Refrain from sexual misconduct
      • 5. Refrain from taking intoxicants that cloud the mind
    • 2. Refrain from taking what is not given
      • 3. Refrain from sexual misconduct
  • 2. Refrain from taking what is not given
    • Suffering (Dukkha)
      • The first is linked to the first three sights the Buddha saw on his first journey outside his palace: old age, sickness and death. This is the suffering of painful experiences, including unsatisfied desires.
      • Suffering is also caused by constant change. People constantly lose the things and situations to which they become attached.
      • Thirdly, even when people are not immediately suffering, they are unsatisfied because they are not enlightened. This is the truth of suffering.
    • Nirodha
      • Reaching Enlightenment, the perfect Human
      • The Buddha, or Siddhartha Gautama is proof this is possible, reached enlightenment.
      • Something all Buddhists strike to achieve
    • "However innumerable sentient beings are, I vow to save them."
      • Mahayana Buddhism
        • Strongest in Tibet, China, Taiwan, Japan, Korea and Mongolia.
        • Anybody can achieve Buddha hood.
        • Will remain in the cycle of Samara (birth, life, death, rebirth) to help others achieve enlightenment
        • Bodhisattva, "the enlightened being" being the most ideal way to live.
        • Buddha was a real person
    • Therevada Buddhism
    • Buddha was not a real person, just a way to present the teachings of buddhism
    • Once they have achieved Enlightenment, they will go Nirvana
    • Attaining self-liberation through ones own efforts
    • Meditation and concentration are important
    • Arhat - the perfect person
    • Festivals
      • Parinirvana Day
        • Celebrate by going to Buddhist temples or monastries
        • Food is prepared, some people bring money and clothes as gifts
        • They remember friends or relations who have recently died and reflect on the fact that death is a part of life for everyone.
        • Buddhists think about their lives and how they can work towards gaining the perfect peace of Nirvana.
        • Mahayana Buddhist holiday
      • Vesak
        • Celebrate the birth of the Buddha
        • Lanterns are lit
        • Elaborate light displays
        • Visit temples
    • Buddhist Monks are traditionally Theravada, but sometimes Mahayana
      • Monastries
        • Dedicate most of their lives to meditation
        • Follow the rules carefully
        • Follow the rules strictly
        • Offerings from villages. Will eat whatever is brought, including meat
        • Vegetarianism (popular in all Buddhism but not compulsory )
        • No sex
    • Funerals
      • Money not spent on funerals, money goes towards charities
      • In Tibet, bodies are left on mountains for vultures to eat.
      • Families will pass on good merit
      • Monks, if present, will perform last rites.
      • People will refrain from sadness as it is a positive  time for the deceased, will be reborn.
      • Bring offerings of flowers and fruit, Burn incense to sweeten the air and ring gongs or bells
    • Meditation
      • Can take place in temples
      • People give money at Temples.
    • A person can not truly be happy while thee are others around the world who are still suffering
      • Karuna (Compassion)
        • Buddhists show for the suffering of everyone in the world , or to feel concern for others.
        • Wisdom and compassion should be developed together, as its not possible to have one without the other.
        • Important as it explains how Buddhists should act towards themselves and others.
        • Also recognising when you yourself are suffering and showing compassion towards yourself.
    • Some believe the 1st precept s the most important.
      • Following the 5 Moral Precepts
        • Some balance one precept against another
        • Voluntary practices
        • Helps purify the mind of ignorance, hatred and greed.
        • Precepts can be practiced on deepening levels

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