buddhism

Buddhism
a religion founded around 2500 years ago by Siddhartha Gautama
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Buddha
a title given to someone who has achieved enlightenment; usually used to refer to Siddartha Gautma
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The Four Sights
old age, illness, death and a holy man; these for sights lead the Buddha to leave his life of luxury in the palace
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Jataka
the Jataka tales are popular stories about the lives of the Buddha
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Ascetic
living a simple and strict lifestyle with few pleasures or possessions; someone who follows ascetic practices
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Meditation
a practice of calming and focusing the mind, and reflecting deeply on specific teachings to penetrate their true meaning
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Enlightenment
the gaining of true knowledge about God, self and the nature of reality, usually through meditation and self discipline; gaining freedom from the cycle of rebirth
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Mara
a demon that represents spiritual obstacles, especially temptation
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the three watches of the night
the three realisations that the Buddha made in order to achieve enlightenmentt
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the five ascetics
the Buddha's first five students; five monks who followed ascetic practices
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Dhamma (Dharma)
the Buddha's teachings
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Pali
the language used in earliest Buddhist scriptures
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Sanskrit
the language used in later Buddhist scriptures
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Dependent Arising
the idea that all things arise in dependence upon conditions
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the Tibetan Wheel of Life
an image that symbolises samsara, often found in Tibetan Buddhist monasteries and temples
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Nidanas
12 factors that illustrate the process of birth, life, death and rebirth
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Kamma (karma)
a person's actions; the idea that skilful actions will result in happiness and unskilful ones in suffering
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Nibbana (nirvana)
a complete state on enlightenment, happiness and peace
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Dukkha
the first noble truth; there is suffering
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Annica
impermanence; the idea that everything changes
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Anatta
the idea that people do not have a permanent, fixed self or soul
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the five aggregates
the five aspects that make up a person. Form (our bodies), Sensation (our feelings), Perception (our recognition of what things are), Mental Formations (our thoughts), Consciousness (our awareness of things)
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the Four Noble Truths
the four truths the Buddha taught about suffering
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Samudaya
the second noble truth: there are causes of suffering
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Nirodha
the third noble truth: suffering can be stopped
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Magga
the fourth noble truth: the way to stop suffering, the Eightfold Path
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Therevada Buddhism
'the school of the elders'; an ancient Buddhist tradition found in South Asia
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Mahayana Buddhism
an umbrella term to describe later Buddhist traditions, including Pure Land Buddhism, Tibetan Buddhism and Zen Buddhism
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Tanha
craving (desiring or wanting something)
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The Three Poisons
Greed (cockerel) , Ignorance (pig) , Hatred (snake) ; the main causes of suffering
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The Eightfold Path
eight aspects that Buddhists practise an live by in order to achieve enlightenment
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The Threefold Way
the Eightfold Path grouped in three sections of ethics, meditations and wisdom
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Ethics (Sila)
a section of the threefold way that emphasises the importance of skilful action as a basis of spiritual progress [Right speech, Right action, Right livelihood]
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Meditation (Samadhi)
a section of the threefold way that emphasises the role of meditation in the process of spiritual understanding [Right effort, Right mindfulness, Right concentration]
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Wisdom (Panna)
a section of the threefold way that deals with Buddhist approaches to understanding the nature of reality [Right understanding, Right intention]
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Sunyata
emptiness; the concept that nothing has a separate, independent 'self' or 'soul'
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Buddha-nature
the idea that everyone has an essence of a Buddha inside them
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Buddhahood
when someone achieves enlightenment and becomes a Buddha
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Arhat
for Therevada Buddhists, someone who has become enlightened
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Bodhisattva
for Mahayana Buddhists, someone who has become enlightened but chooses to remain in the cycle of samsara to help others achieve enlightenment as well
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Pure Land Buddhism
a Mahayana form of Buddhism based on belief in Amitabha Buddha
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Amitabha Buddha
the Buddha worshipped by Pure Land Buddhists
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Sukhavati
the paradise where Amitabha Buddha lives, and where Pure Land Buddhists aim to be reborn
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

a title given to someone who has achieved enlightenment; usually used to refer to Siddartha Gautma

Back

Buddha

Card 3

Front

old age, illness, death and a holy man; these for sights lead the Buddha to leave his life of luxury in the palace

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

the Jataka tales are popular stories about the lives of the Buddha

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

living a simple and strict lifestyle with few pleasures or possessions; someone who follows ascetic practices

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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