Conservatism: Key Thinkers

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  • Conservatism: Key Thinkers
    • Edmund Burke
      • Human Nature
        • pragmatic of human nature
      • State
        • government prevent evil but struggle to do promote good
      • Society
        • believed that wisdom lied in tradition, e.g family
        • organic society is important
      • Economy
        • believes in a free market because of 'natural law'
    • Thomas Hobbes
      • Human Nature
        • humans are needy, vulnerable and easily led astray in attempts to understand the world around them
        • critical of the divine right of kings
      • State
        • argued for almost total obedience to absolute government, as the only alternative was chaos (rationalising authoritarianism)
      • Society
        • believed in the social contract theory
        • ordered society and balanced free living
    • Michael Oakeshott
      • Human Nature
        • human imperfections
        • should be guided by pragmatism rather than idealism
      • State
        • state should be guided by tradition
      • Society
        • modern society is too impractical and complex
      • Economy
        • free markets are volatile so state must intervene
    • Ayn Rand
      • Human Nature
        • human imperfection
        • rational self-interest
        • atomism
      • State
        • minimal state intervention
      • Society
        • highest aim should be one's own happiness
        • society is broken down into individuals
      • Economy
        • laissez-faire capitalism
    • Robert Nozick
      • Human Nature
        • some optimism towards human nature
      • State
        • no welfare state but a minimal state
        • property rights should be upheld
        • taxation is immoral so keep it minimal
      • Society
        • believed in individualism
      • Economy
        • humans aren't resources

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