Comparison of Approaches

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  • Created by: RainbowG
  • Created on: 13-01-17 09:16
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  • Comparison of Approaches
    • Behaviourist
      • Reductionist
        • It is reductionist.
      • Determinism
        • All behaviour is determined and we cannot control it.
      • Nature VS Nurture
        • Babies are born with "blank slates" and all behaviour is learned - nurture.
      • Development
        • Sees development as continuous.
    • Social Learning Theory
      • Reductionist
        • It's reductionist
      • Determinism
        • We are influenced by our environment but we also influence it too.
      • Nature VS Nurture
        • We are born blank slates and we learn behaviour through observation.
      • Development
        • Development is continuous.
    • Cognitive
      • Reductionist
        • It's reductionist.
      • Determinism
        • We are choosers of our behaviour but only within the limits of what we know
      • Nature VS Nurture
        • Our information processes are innate but are refined by experience - both
      • Development
        • Schema is innate in babies but develops as we get older.
    • Biological
      • Reductionist
        • Reduces behaviour to the level of the gene or neuron
      • Determinism
        • Genetic determinism - behaviour is directed by innate influences
      • Nature VS Nurture
        • "Anatomy is destiny" - behaviour stems from genetic blueprint that we inherit from our parents - Nature
      • Development
        • Genetically determined maturational changes influence development
    • Psychodynamic
      • Determinism
        • Unconscious forces drive our behaviour.
      • Reductionism
        • Reduces behaviour to the influence of biological drives and instincts
      • Nature VS Nurture
        • Behaviour is driven by biological drives but parents relationships is also crucial
      • Development
        • Psychosexual stages
    • Humanistic
      • Reductionism
        • Anti-reductionist, it is holistic
      • Determinism
        • Humans have free will and determine their own behaviour
      • Nature VS Nurture
        • Parents, friends and wider society as having a critical impact on a persons self-concept
      • Development
        • The development of the self is ongoing throughout life

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