The Cognitive Approach

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What are the 7 factors studied in the cognitive approach?
Attention; language; memory; perception; problem solving; creativity; thinking
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What is the basis of the Cognitive Approach?
Internal mental processes should be studied scientifically; thought processes can be observed indirectly via behaviour (inference)
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What is the theoretical model of the cognitive approach?
Information Processing Approach (with computer analogy)
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What are the main features of the information processing approach?
Info flows through cognitive systems; sequence of stages; input, storage, retrieval
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What are internal mental processes?
Private operations of the mind
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What are the main features of the computer analogy?
Input; central processing unit; coding; stores in chunks; retrieval and output
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What is a schema
A cognitive framework; packages of info developed through experience; influence behaviour and perceptions; shortcut thinking; basis for stereotypes/prejudice
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What era was the cognitive approach active for?
1960s - present
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What is meant by cognitive neuroscience?
The influence of brain structures on mental processes; mapping brain areas to specific cognitive functions
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What is meant by Broca's Area?
An area of the frontal lobe that affects speech production (Broca)
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How does Tulving support cognitive neuroscience?
His research into long term memory types involved PET scans, observing activity in the right (episodic) and left (semantic) parts of the prefrontal cortex
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How was research for the central executive supported by cognitive neuroscience?
Braver did brain scans of the pre-frontal cortex; increased activity when given harder CE tasks
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How has the diagnosis of mental disorders been helped by neuroscience?
Scanning provided use in establishing what areas affect mental health; Parahippocampal gland affects OCD
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Is the cognitive more or less deterministic than other approaches?
Less
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Why does the cognitive approach have scientific credibility?
Scientific/objective methods
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How has the cognitive approach contributed to robotics?
'Artificial intelligence'; 'thinking machines'
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What is machine reductionism and why is it a weakness of the Cognitive Approach?
Comparison to a computer; takes away the influence of the emotion/motivation of humans
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How does the cognitive approach view the mind?
Separate from the brain
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What is Social Cognition?
Areas of the brain associated with interaction
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How can cognitive neuroscience contribute to an Eye Witness Testimony?
Observe brain waves to see if witness is lying
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What are the applications of the cognitive approach?
EWT; cognitive development; mood disorders; memory; education; therapy; robotics
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What is the basis of the Cognitive Approach?

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Internal mental processes should be studied scientifically; thought processes can be observed indirectly via behaviour (inference)

Card 3

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What is the theoretical model of the cognitive approach?

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Card 4

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What are the main features of the information processing approach?

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Card 5

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What are internal mental processes?

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