Socio Economic Class

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  • Created by: Zoe
  • Created on: 18-12-13 18:16
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    • Variables
      • Independent
        • Factor condition variation
      • Dependent
        • Linguistic phenomenon we're interested in
    • Socio-Economic Class
      • Major factor influencing variation
      • Most linguistically marked aspect of our social being
        • In industrialised nations
        • Chambers (2003)
      • Typical finding = 'standard' form use correlates with speaker's clas
        • Higher the socio-economic class, higher the use of 'standard' forms
          • Trudgill (1974)
      • Class correlated variation tells us about norms in a speech community
      • Class defined in structural economic terms - one's relation to means of production
        • Marxist idea
        • Education
        • Income
        • Occupation
        • Housing type
      • Problems
        • Only works well with people who conform to stereotypes
        • Subjective weighting scales
        • Women and children often classified via father/husband
        • Varies place to place
    • Example
      • New York (r)
        • Post war prestige = rhotic
        • William Labov
        • "fourth floor"  x2
        • Aim = to see effect of working in different shops on class
          • Except shop workers mirrored client's social class status and language use
        • 2nd renditions more careful and more of standard rhotic (r)


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