Child directed speech

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  • Child directed speech
    • The language an adult uses to talk to a child
    • Jerome Bruner 1983
      • proficiency in oral language provides children with a vital tool for thought
      • without fluent and structured oral language, children will find it very difficult to think
    • Hart & Risley 1995
      • by age of 4, children from a higher social class had heard 30 million more words directed to them than children in a low class
    • Phonology
      • separate phrases
      • longer pauses
        • turn taking cues
      • speaking slowly
      • exaggerated sing song intonation
      • emphasise key words
      • wider pitch
        • distinguish questions, statements, and commands
    • Semantics / Lexis
      • restricted vocabulary
      • simplified vocabulary
        • adaptations of child's own word for things
    • Grammar
      • fewer verbs
      • fewer tenses
      • shorter sentences
        • Phillips - 3.7 seconds average
      • fewer incomplete sentences
      • restricted range of sentence patterns
      • simple sentences
      • more questions and tag questions
    • Pragmatics
      • gestures and affectionate body language
      • fewer utterances
      • supportive language
        • echoing
        • encourage correction / clarification
      • copy and expand on child's utterances
    • Aims
      • attract baby's attention
      • help process of breaking down language into understandable chunks
      • make the conversation more predictable

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