Child Directed Speech

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  • Child Directed Speech
    • What is it?
      • The way adults behave when talking to children
      • Idea comes from Bruner
      • Has many characteristics that are not used in normal adult conversation
      • Language is slower and pronunciation is clearer
      • More pauses are used so the child has time to absorb and respond
      • An adult may speak with a higher pitch to keep the child's interest
      • Exaggerated intonation and emphatic stress is used to make speech more distinctive
    • LEXIS
      • Mostly concrete nouns
      • Diminutive forms of words are used so child can recognise and associate the sound of the word
      • Reduplication allows children to explore and experiment with their vocals and hone in on sounds used such as 'dada' and 'nana'
      • Short, simple sentences
      • Encouraging and familiar sentence frames such as 'Where's...' 'What's...'
      • Frequent use of imperatives
      • Repetition and asking questions to reinforce new words and structures; helps excite a response in the child
        • Questions also help develop grammatical ability as they contain more auxiliary verbs


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