Carboxylic Acid reactions

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  • Carboxylic Acids
    • Reduction
      • LiAlH4 in dry ether
      • To primary alcohols + H20
    • PCl5
      • OH group replaced by Cl
      • Forms misty fumes (HCl)
      • POCl3 + HCl + CH3COCl
      • To acyl chlorides
    • Esterification
      • strong acid catalyst + reflux
      • Acid + Alcohol --> Ester + water
      • H2S04 dehydrating agent
        • Removes H20 in equilibrium
    • Carbonate
      • Salt + H20 + CO2
    • Metal
      • Salt + H2
    • Alkali
      • Salt + H20
      • Neutralisation

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