Britain in 1906

  • Empire
  • War
  • Society
  • Politics
  • Issues
  • Trade/Industry
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  • Created by: Ellie
  • Created on: 05-01-15 16:33
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  • Britain in 1906
    • Politics
      • Parliamentary Monarchy
        • monarchy is head of state but advised by parliment
      • 2 Main political parties
        • Conservative & Unionist Party (Tori's)
          • Very strong pre 1900
          • Lord Salisbury, Joseph Chamberlain, Arthur Balfour
        • Liberal Party (Wigs)
          • Gladstone, Henry Campbell Bannerman, David Lloyd George
      • Other Parties
        • Labour
          • In it's youth.
          • Founded by Keir Hardie
          • Ramsay McDonald
        • Irish Nationalists
          • Strong presence due to the trouble in Ireland at the time
          • Charles Stewart Parnell, John Redmond
    • Trade & Industry
      • Leader in world trade
      • London was the financial centre of the world
      • Lots of industry
        • Major textiles industries in the north.
          • Coal Mining in S.Wales and Yorkshire
            • engineering in the Midlands
              • Shipbuilding in Liverpool, Belfast & Glasgow
                • Steel in Sheffield.
      • All Industries relied on old methods from the industrial revolution
      • Germany and the USA overtook Britain in steel and coal output
    • Empire
      • 'The Empire where the sun never set'
      • Huge Navy which was unrivalled and protected the whole empire
      • HUGE - South Africa, Australia, India, Canada etc.
      • Splendid Isolation
        • No allies/alliances
        • caused by the vastness of the empire
    • Society
      • lots of respect for politicains
        • didn't really know what they did though.
      • population of 43 million
      • Divide between the industrial north and agricultural south
      • large gap between the rich and poor
      • problems with education and health especially amongst the poor.
      • women still didn't have the vote and some working class men didn't either.
      • Demand for social reform
        • trade unions and humanitarian movements.
    • Issues
      • How much power should the state have over individuals?
      • How can poverty be tackled
      • Should the franchise be extended
      • Should Ireland have Home rule?
      • Should Britain Change it's foreign policy
    • War
      • The Boer War
        • 1899-1902
        • exposed Britains isolation in the world
        • Took place in South Africa against Dutch Boer's /farmers
          • Meant to be a quick job but lasted 3 years which made Britain vulnerable
            • Spent too much money
            • Showed the world Britains brutality
              • The first ever civillian concentration camps were created by the British during the War
      • An up and coming threat from Germany
        • made us look for European Allies.

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