Bowlby's theory of maternal deprivation

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  • Bowlby's theory of maternal deprivation
    • 44 theives study - Bowlby
      • P = 88 emotionally maladjusted children split into two groups
        • 1) 44 caught stealing
          • BF= affectionless theives had early seperations from mothers
            • 86% (12/14) experienced frequent seperations compared to 17% (5/30) of other theives
              • Stayed in foster care or homes and scarcely visited by family
        • 2) 44 control group
          • Almost none experienced early seperations.
        • B suggested some theives were affectionless psychopaths
          • Lacked normal signs of affection and sense of responsability
          • Lack of continious care may cause mental disorder or emotional maladjustment
    • LTC- emotional problems
    • Poor evidence
      • Bowlby drew on orphanes in WW2 - children who were often traumatised and had poor care = development difficulties rather than seperation
        • Experimetor bias- carried out the interviews
    • Individual differences
      • No all children react the same way to seperation
        • Babies that has a prolonged stay in hospital from TB - just nurses and one visit a week. Assessed in adolescence TB group more maladjusted (63%) than normal children
    • RWA - hospital visits
      • Before children were seperated from parents when spent time in hospital
        • Filmed a girl over 8 days and found she became distressed and begs to go home
          • Led to change
    • LTC support
      • Women who experienced seperation due to maternal death or seperation for a year
        • About 25% later experiences depression or anxiety disorder, compared to 15% who had no experience of seperation
          • More severe whos loss occured before age of 6

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