Bowlby's maternal deprivation theory

  • Created by: Georgia
  • Created on: 03-05-19 08:36
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  • Protest - immediate reaction to separation
    • Crying, screaming, kicking, clinging to mother
    • Short term separation
      • Brief and temporary disruptions of attachment lead to emotional, social and intellectual development
      • Robertson and  Robertson      (1971)     Child with stable relationship with mother, went through all 3 stages when separated, and effects were evident later in life
        • Gave similar children an alternative attachment and a routine; found that prevents psychological damage
      • Despair - child becomes calmer and more apathetic
        • Child tends to comfort itself (thumb-sucking)
      • Douglas (1975) Separations for less than a week for children below 4 correlated with behavioural difficulties
        • Correlation so can't check for cause and effect
  • Detachment -  responds to other people
    • Rejection of caregiver and signs of anger are common
    • Short term separation
      • Brief and temporary disruptions of attachment lead to emotional, social and intellectual development
      • Robertson and  Robertson      (1971)     Child with stable relationship with mother, went through all 3 stages when separated, and effects were evident later in life
        • Gave similar children an alternative attachment and a routine; found that prevents psychological damage
      • Despair - child becomes calmer and more apathetic
        • Child tends to comfort itself (thumb-sucking)
      • Douglas (1975) Separations for less than a week for children below 4 correlated with behavioural difficulties
        • Correlation so can't check for cause and effect

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