Bog bodies

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  • Bog bodies
    • Lindow Man
      • Peat bog in Cheshire
        • Means soft tissue and bones preserved to an extent due to acidic and anoxic conditions.
          • Acid not overly good for bones though-not acidic enough though to quickly dissolve.
      • Male in mid 20's. Healthy.
        • Last meal of charred bread. mmmm
          • Also had grains in stomach indicating diet consisted of cereals
            • Mistletoe pollen indicate died in March or April.
        • five foot six-five foot eight.
        • Skull distorted due to decalcification of bones and pressure of peat
      • Exceptionally violent death. Skull smashed in, garroted, throat slit then ceremonially drowned.
        • Placed face down in bog. thought to have occurred some time between 2Bc and 119AD. Dating him difficult.
          • Looks like a dried out piece of flattened leather
          • Peat encasing him gives different dates to test of his remains
        • More specifically wounds included-V-shaped cut on head, laceration on back of head, ligature marks on neck, wound on right hand side of neck, stab wound in chest, fractured rib and broken neck.
          • Murder?
          • Or ritualistic sacrifice?
            • Foundation sacrifice?
            • Boundary?
      • Remains show trimmed beard, moustache, sideburns, healthy teeth with no visible cavities, manicured fingernails and relatively smooth palms.
        • Indicates he did very little hard manual labour
          • High status-why killing elite?
        • Fox-fur armband only item of clothing.
        • Elevated levels of copper in skin-unclear as to cause as test results were to ambigous
          • Painted with copper based pigment as part of ceremony?
          • Or just natural variation and causes?
      • Lindow woman also found a year earlier
      • Other body parts from other individuals also found
    • Clonycavan Man
      • Ireland
        • Peat bog
      • Only torso and upper abdomen survive. Well preserved
        • Hair preserved and in odd style-raised on top of head
          • Primitive hair gel of pine resin and plant oil. Hair tie remnants also found.
            • Likely imported and therefore trade-wealthy in order to be able to afford this?
          • Diet rich in vegetables and protein
            • Killed in summer?
        • Thought to have been 5"2.
        • Skull split open with remains of brain around wound.
          • Also has wound across bridge of nose and under his right eye.
            • Both thought to be from an axe
            • Sacrifice to fertility deity-
              • Failed king?
                • Kingship hill nearby
              • Kingship hill nearby
              • Ritual?
        • 392-201BC
      • Young-early twenties
    • Old Croghan Man
      • Ireland-bog again.
        • At foot of hill used for kingship ceremonies
          • Recurring theme?
            • Failed King?
              • Didn't live up to title-bad disasters his fault?
                • Ritualistic sacrifice?
                  • Boundary marking?
      • Torso and arms are all that remain
        • Using arm pan height was calculated at around 6 foot 6.
          • He was a giant for the time!
            • Perhaps stood out-seen as special?
              • At foot of hill used for kingship ceremonies
                • Recurring theme?
                  • Failed King?
                    • Didn't live up to title-bad disasters his fault?
                      • Ritualistic sacrifice?
                        • Boundary marking?
        • Manicured nails like Lindow Man-high status too?
          • Leather band around left arm-status symbol?
            • Naked apart from this
        • Last meal from stomach-wheat and buttermilk.
          • Meat rich diet for the 4 months prior though
        • Violent death again.
          • Stab wound to chest (fatal?), also decapitated and cut in half. Also nipples had been partially sliced off-torture?
            • Also had twine ropes put THROUGH his arms-excessive. Support torture theory?
              • Holes for rope would have been drilled through flesh with knife most likely.
            • Symbolic?
      • 362-175BC
        • Once again in early twenties.
    • Tollund Man
      • Denmark, Peat bog
        • Acid and anoxic
      • Soft tissue and physical feature very well preserved.
      • 375-210BC
        • Older in age than others-40's.
          • Short-1.61m in height
      • Once again painfully murdered-strangulation based on ligature marks on neck and underside of chin.
        • Or was he hanged-noose found around his neck. Unclear as shows some signs of hanging but not all tell tale signs.
      • Stomach contents reveal last meal to be grain and seeds in a porridge form.
        • Roughly 12 to 24 hours before death
        • Winter or early spring?
          • Lack of meat and vegetbles
      • Wore a pointed leather hat and had a belt.
      • Short hair

Comments

S.Wahid

this is really detailed 

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