Bocchiaro et al's experiment into disobediencce towards unjust authority

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  • Created by: Jazz23
  • Created on: 07-11-15 10:24
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  • Bocchiaro et al's experiment into disobediencce towards unjust authority
    • Context
      • The authors were inspired by Milgram's research into destructive obedience
      • They noted that Milgram's research focused on obedience and did not tell much about disobedience
    • Conclusion
      • Although most people believe that they will disobey unethical instructions  and report unethical conduct, in practice the majority comply with unethical instructions
    • Aim
      • To investigate the rates of oedience, disobedience and whistle blowing in a situation where no physical violence was involved but where it was quite clear that the instructions were ethically wrong
    • Evaluation
      • Research method- Because the procedure takes place in a highly controlled environment it is possible to eliminate many extraneous vaiables
      • Validity- All laboratory studies set out to represent a real-life sitations. In spite of the artificial surroundings and unusual task, ecological validity was good
      • Ethical considerations- The situation was relatively low in stress becuase participants were not ordered to inflict direct harm. Also they were left alone when deciding whether or not to obey and were not prodded
      • Ethnocentrism- Although the researchers looked at a sample from a single population, they did assess religous affiliation. In this study no religous differences were found
      • Qualitative and qualititative data- The data gathered in this studywas quantitative. this was a strength because the reserchers were intrested in making comparisons between rates
      • Sampling bias- The sample size was large for a lab studyso this reduces the risk of the results being affected by extraneous variables
      • Practical applications- Whistle- blowing is under-researched and of great interest.
      • Reliability- Laboaratory procedures such as that used in this study are generally easy to replicate. This study also has inter reliability if all participants had similar experiences
    • Method
      • Participants- 149 undergraduate students from VU university  of Amsterdam. Volunteers recruited by fyers postedin the uni cafeteria
      • Pilot studies- 8 pilot studies, involving 92 participants were carried out in order to mkae sure the procedure was both credible and ethically acceptable
      • Procedure- the students were given an unethical request, to wrie a statement designed to convince other students to participate in a truamatic sensory deprivation experiment. Participants were then left alone to seewhat they would do
    • Results
      • When questionned, most partcipants said that they would report the unethical experiment.
      • However, 76.5% actually obeyed and only 9.4% blew the whistle

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