Black & Tan Fantasy

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  • Black & Tan Fantasy
    • Rhythm & Metre
      • Simple quadruple time played at a medium slow speed - Steady swing tempo
      • Triplets - Bar 17
      • Some syncopation - Bars 63-64
      • Accented crotchet chords - Head accompaniment
    • Melody
      • 'Head' melody is based on the chorus of 'The Holy City'
      • Uses the whole-tone scale - Bar 13-14 (Sax interlude)
      • Chromatic movement - Bars 25-26
      • Use of 'blues' notes - Flattened 3rd/5th/7th - Bar 33 trumpet solo
      • Use of repeated ideas - Bar 56
      • Turn figure - Bar 61
    • Harmony
      • Mostly based around the 12-bar blues sequence
      • Harmony of the 'Head' is diatonic & functional
      • Circle of 5ths - Bars 19-20 Bb to Gb
      • Uses typical jazz turnaround    ii-V-I
    • Tonality
      • Begins in Bb Minor
      • Bb Major - Bar 13-86
      • Coda - Bb Minor
    • Performing Forces
      • Jungle style - Dark saxes, heavy drums, rough growling brass
      • Much use of performing forces - Glissando, Pitch bends etc
      • Collaborated with Bubber Miley (trumpet)
      • Written for Big Band jazz
    • Structure
      • Head arrangement
      • Head - 12 bar blues, played 6 times
      • Interlude of 16 bars between chorus 1 & 2
      • 6th chorus is incomplete as it is interrupted by the preparation of the ending
      • Concludes with a Coda in Bb minor
    • Texture
      • MDH - Choruses 1/2/5/6
      • 'Stride' style accompaniment - Chorus 4, was used in Rag-time jazz
      • Trumpet & trombone play in parallel 6ths mainly - Opening & end
      • Sustained chords in saxes - Bar 84 - end

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