Psychologists for Bias In Diagnostic Systems

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  • Bias in Diagnostic Systems- Psychologists
    • COCHRANE AND SASHIDHARAN
      • Black Afro-Caribbeans = 7x more likely diagnosed schizophrenia than white
    • EBIGNO
      • symptoms of depression vary according to culture
        • west =worthless
        • east = burning sensation
    • LEWIS
      • some psychiatrists were told the patient was Afro-Caribbean
        • symptoms = indentical
          • more likely to diagnose black patient with drugs
            • psychiatrists can be biased with social stereotypes
    • LITTLEWOOD
      • judgement of mental illness can be 'insane' for one but a legit response for another
    • LITTLEWOOD AND LIPSEDGE
      • vast majority of immigrants in UK have been white
        • diagnosis only applies to blacks
          • rates of mental illnes=higher for UK born blacks
    • W.H.O.
      • study was conducted in Eu, Ame, Afr, Asi
        • expect high schiz levels in africa
          • NAZROO
            • UK Afro-Carib 3-5x more likely diagnosed w/schizo
              • LITTLEWOOD
                • UK born blacks= higher rates of mental illness than parents => not genetic
    • LEO AND CARTAGENO
      • studies of mental disorders rely on male samples as female behaviour fluctuates with monthly hormone changes
        • inappropriately applied to women
    • NOLEN-HOEKSEMA
      • men and women respond differently to depression; women = neg emotion & seek medical help, men = distraction e.g. alcohol
    • BRUCE
      • tested people above & below poverty line w/o mental illness & assessed 6 months later
        • below poverty line = 2x more likely alcohol abuse, bipolar, major depression
          • 80 x more likely to be diagnosed schizo
    • JOHNSTONE
      • lower class patients more likely to be diagnosed seriously e.g. schiz than middle class
  • COCHRANE AND SASHIDHARAN
    • Black Afro-Caribbeans = 7x more likely diagnosed schizophrenia than white
  • EBIGNO
    • symptoms of depression vary according to culture
      • west =worthless
      • east = burning sensation
  • LEWIS
    • some psychiatrists were told the patient was Afro-Caribbean
      • symptoms = indentical
        • more likely to diagnose black patient with drugs
          • psychiatrists can be biased with social stereotypes
  • LITTLEWOOD
    • judgement of mental illness can be 'insane' for one but a legit response for another
  • W.H.O.
    • study was conducted in Eu, Ame, Afr, Asi
      • expect high schiz levels in africa
        • NAZROO
          • UK Afro-Carib 3-5x more likely diagnosed w/schizo
            • LITTLEWOOD
              • UK born blacks= higher rates of mental illness than parents => not genetic
  • LEO AND CARTAGENO
    • studies of mental disorders rely on male samples as female behaviour fluctuates with monthly hormone changes
      • inappropriately applied to women
  • BRUCE
    • tested people above & below poverty line w/o mental illness & assessed 6 months later
      • below poverty line = 2x more likely alcohol abuse, bipolar, major depression
        • 80 x more likely to be diagnosed schizo
  • rates of mental illnes=higher for UK born blacks

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