Beliefs about Deity

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  • Created by: 11pyoung
  • Created on: 03-04-16 13:44
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  • Beliefs about Deity
    • The nature of God
      • Beyond human understanding
      • God is usually described by saying what he isn't
        • cruel, jealous
        • These are human images and can limit God as he is not human.
      • The writers of the bible often used images to describe God
        • Warrior, Father, King, Shepherd
        • These are human images and can limit God as he is not human.
      • Immanent
        • God is within all
      • Transcendent
        • God is above all
      • God is outside time and space
        • Eternal
      • Omnipotent
      • Omniscient
      • Omnibenevolent
      • Omnipresent
      • God will judge everyone
      • Key texts
        • Genesis 1- God made humans in his own image
        • Genesis3- God walking in the garden
        • Isaiah 66- God as a mother
        • Matthew 11- Jesus is the son of God
    • Reasons given in support of Belief
      • Ontological argument
        • That than which nothing greater can be conceived
      • Cosmological argument
        • The universe must have come from somewhere
      • Teleological argument
        • The world shows that it has been designed and so it must have been designed by someone
      • Argument from experience
        • Miracles, conversion, the numinous
      • Moral argument
        • People have a basic understanding of right and wrong. This knowledge must have come from God
      • Key texts
        • On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural  selection of the Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life- Charles Darwin's  book in which he developed the theory of natural selection
    • Other views about belief in God
      • I f there is a God, whence proceed so many evils? If there is no God, whence cometh any good?- Boethus
      • If God did not exist it would be necessary to invent him- Voltaire
      • A god who let us prove his existence would be an idol- Dietrich BOEFFER
    • The concept of miracles
      • A miracle is :
        • Something out of the ordinary that catches the attention
        • Intended by God as a sign of his love and/or power.
        • A marvellous event which cannot have been brought o=about by humans or by nature and so is said to be performed by God
        • Something that usually shows control over the laws of nature such as a dead person being brought back to life.
    • God intervening in the world through: miracles, Jesus and the Holy Spirit
      • Miracles are ' those things done by divine power apart from the order usually followed in things'. This can include:
        • Those things God does that nature cannot do
        • Those acts that God does that nature could do, but not in the same order
        • Those things done by God that nature could do, but that God does without using  the forces of nature.
      • Jesus performed many miracles of different types:
        • Healing miracles
        • Nature miracles
        • Excorisms
        • Raising people from the dead
      • Many miracles are seen as the work of the holy spirit. The first miracle of the Holy Spirit was Pentecost when the disciples were filled with the power of the Holy Spirit and began to speak in tongues.
      • Key texts
        • Acts 1- Jesus' ascension into heaven
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