Balanced Diet

  • Created by: florous
  • Created on: 03-06-18 14:06
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  • Balanced diet
    • No sinlge food contains all nutrients, so need a variety to prevent illness and maintain healthy weight.
    • Should provide correct amounts of each nutrient through proportions of food.
    • Energy balance- prevent weight gain/loss.
    • Food groups:  -Bread, cereals & potatoes -Fruits & vegetables -Meat, fish & beans -Oils & spreads -Dairy & alternatives
    • Eatwell Guide from Food Standards Agency for public.
      • Shows types of food to consume and proportions
      • Eat 5+ fruits & veg a day
      • Starchy food(higher fibre, wholegrain) = 1/3 of food eaten
      • Some dairy/alternatives(lower fat & sugar)
      • Some meat(less red & processed), more beans & pulses
      • 2 portions fish a week, 1 oily
      • Small amounts unsaturated oils & spreads
      • Very small amount food high in fat/salt/sugar
      • 6-8 glasses fluid a day
    • Carbohydrate= main source of energy. Starchy foods/simple sugars.
    • Fibre= in fruits, veg, nuts & seeds. Helps slow down rise in blood glucose after a meal, promotes healthy intestines.
    • Fat= has essential fatty acids, needed for absorption of fat-soluble vitamins. Saturated/polyunsaturated/monounsaturated. Some harmful.
    • Protein= structural component of cells & tissues, manufacture of enzymes & hormones. Need range to get all amino acids.
    • Vitamins & minerals= essential for health, assist many body processes.

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