Attitudes to food and eating behaviour mind map

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  • Attitudes to Food + Eating Behaviour
    • Social Learning
      • Parental Modelling
        • Oberservation of parents
          • Control what we eat
            • Association between parents' and children's attitudes to food
              • BROWN + OGDEN (2004)
                • MEYER + GAST (2008)
                  • Study only conducted on 10-12 yr olds
                • Can't control EV
                • BIRCH + FISHER (200)
                  • Gender bias
                  • Doesn't take into account daughters with no mothers
      • Media Effects
        • Social learning evident in TV + other media on attitudes to eating
          • MACINTYRE ET AL (1998)
            • Much more than learning! Evolutionary explanation
    • Cultural Influences
      • Social Class
        • Studies found body dissatisfaction, dieting behaviours + eating disorders more common in higher-class individuals
          • DORNBUSH ET AL ( 1984)
            • Only on American adolescents
              • Cultural differences
            • Large sample - 7000
            • Female of higher-class = greater desire to be thin
            • STORY ET AL (1995)
              • Only on American students
              • Higher social class = higher satisfaction
      • Ethnicity
        • POWELL + KHAN (1995)
          • Body dissatisfaction + eating concerns/disorders more common in white women than black/asian women
          • Gender bias
          • MUMFORD ET AL (1991)
            • Bulimia greater among Asian schoolgirls than white
              • Conducted on schoolgirls
          • STRIEGEL-MOORE ET AL (1995)
            • Drive for thinness greater in black than white girls
        • BALL + KENARDY (2002)
          • Gender bias
          • 18-23 yr olds
          • Australia
          • Acculturation effect
          • Cultural Difference - REDUCTIONIST
    • Mood and Eating Behaviour
      • Binge-eating
        • WEGNER ET AL (2002
          • Sub-clinical - Generalisablity
          • Unclear why binge-eating offers gratification
      • Comfort-eating
        • GARG ET AL (2007)
          • PARKER ET AL (2006)
            • Chocolate likely to prolong rather than alleviate low-mood
            • Non-clinical - how do we generalise one group to another?

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