Attachment 1 (upto pg83)

  • Created by: emg02
  • Created on: 20-08-20 10:51
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  • Attachment 1
    • Caregiver-Infant Interactions
      • Reciprocity
        • Mother and infant respond to each other and can elicit responses in each other
        • AKA "turn-taking" = vital for conversation
        • Active Involvment
          • Caregivers and infants play a role in starting interaction, and seems to take it in turns. Brazelton et al. 1975 therefore termed this a "dance" as you respond to your partner's moves
      • Interactional Synchrony
        • Caregiver and infant carry out the same actions simultaneously. Actions and s emotions are mirrored
        • Meltzoff & Moore (1977)
          • Found synchrony occurring with infants as young as 2 weeks old.
        • Isabella et al. (1989)
          • Observed 30 mothers and infants and assessed the degree of synchrony and then mother-infant attachment quality. More synchrony= better attachment
    • Stages of Attachment. Schaffer & Emerson 1964
      • 1. Asocial: Same reaction to humans as inanimate objects, yet prefers people, especially those more familiar
    • Role of the Father
      • 75% of the infants in Shaffer & Emerson's 1964 study had attached to their father by 18 months old
      • The father forms a "playmate" role, more likely to allow and engage in "risky play". This attachment is the basis for all other social relationships into the infant's future
        • The father role becomes increasingly important in the teen years, particularly for males
          • Fathers can become the primary attachment and show the sensitivity and response this requires if for any reason they are the primary caregiver
            • Primary attachment and responses between mother and baby aren't biological
              • Fathers break the initial biological attachment between mother and infant
    • Lorenz 1952 VS Harlow 1958
      • Lorenz 1952
        • Divided a group of greylag geese eggs. Half incubated and half left in nest.
          • Eggs he incubated imprinted on him and those in nest imprinted on mother goose
            • Gees that had imprinted on Lorenz eventually searched for human mates
    • The Learning Theory
      • The Learning Theory relies on the idea that the provider of food is the primary attachment figure, through operant and classical conditioning
        • UCS > UCR
          • Neutral Stimulus > No repsonse
            • CS > CR


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