ATP

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  • Created by: jkpure1
  • Created on: 09-04-15 13:53
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  • ATP
    • Synthesis of ATP
      • Photosynthesis
      • Glycolysis and respiration
      • Glycolysis and fermentation
    • Use of ATP
      • Active transport
      • Movement
      • Anabolic reactions
      • Maintaining body temp.
      • Produces heat
      • Muscle contraction
      • Cell division
    • Structure
      • Adenine
        • Adenosine
      • 3 phosphate groups
        • Free electrons surround the phosphates
          • Has high energetic potential
      • ATP is a phosphorylated nucleotide
      • Organic nitrogenous base
      • Water soluble
      • 5 carbon Ribose sugar
        • Adenosine
    • Hydrolysis
      • Removal of phosphate group
      • Releases 30.5KJ of energy
        • Energy is released every time a phosphate is removed
      • Proportion lost as heat
      • ATP continually broken down
        • Goes under 8000 cycles per day
    • Processes
      • Photophosphorylation
      • Oxidative phosphorylation
        • Uses ATP synthase or ATPase
          • Photophosphorylation
      • Substrate level phosphorylation
    • Respiration
      • Link reaction
        • Produces ATP using acetyl co-A
      • Krebs cycle
        • Produces ATP when acetyl co-A combines with oxaloacetate. Uses substrate level phosphorylation to produce ATP
      • Glycolysis
        • Produces ATP and reduced NAD from substrate level phosphorylation
      • Oxidative phosphorylation
        • Produces ATP when electrons are passed in the cristae of mitochondria
    • Yield of ATP
      • Glycolysis: 2 ATP
      • Krebs cycle: 2 ATP
      • ECT- oxidative phosphorylation: 28 ATP
      • During aerobic respiration net molecules of ATP is 34
      • RQ values: Glucose is 1, Lipids is 0.7, and proteins is 0.9

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