AQA A Level Structured Interviews T+M

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  • Structured Interviews
    • 3 main types of interview
      • Structured
      • Unstructured
      • Semi-structured
    • Practical issues
      • Quick and fairly cheap to administer (Young and Wilmott interviewed nearly 1,000 people this way)
      • Suitable for gathering straightforward info about a person
      • Data is easily quantifiable
      • Training interviewers is relatively straightforward
      • Higher response rate than questionnaires
      • Inflexible method: impossible to pursue other lines of enquiry
      • Must have knowledge on the topic
    • Theoretical Issues
      • Positivism
        • Hypothesis testing is established
        • Reliability
          • Standardised measuring instrument
          • Similarities and differences can be compared
        • Representativeness
          • Quick, cheap and easy so many can be conducted
          • Those who have the time may be of a particular class, makes it atypical
      • Interpretivism
        • Closed-ended questions force interviewees to choose from a limited number of pre-set answers
        • Structured interviews give interviewers little freedom to explain questions or clarify misunderstandings
        • People may lie/ exaggerate which will produce invalid data
        • The researcher themselves has to decide what's important
      • Feminism
        • The relationship between the researcher and the researched reflects patriarchal society
        • Reinharz (1983): research as ****
        • Oakley: this positivistic 'masculine' approach to research places a high value on hierarchy
        • Researcher: active role       Interviewees: passive role, they are merely objects to be studied
        • Graham (1983): structured interviews give a distorted and invalid pic of women's experience


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