Case Study: Apartheid in South Africa

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  • Apartheid in South Africa
    • What is Apartheid?
      • A system of discrimination that was carried out in South Africa
      • Occurred between 1948 - 1994
      • It split the population into 3 groups: black, white and coloured
      • The groups were isolated in all aspects of life, e.g. where they lived, levels of income
        • It split the population into 3 groups: black, white and coloured
      • Black resentment controlled by white police and armies
    • Facts and figures
      • Whites had 75% of the national income, despite there being 4.5 million whites and 19 million blacks
      • Number of white children per teacher: 22
      • Number of black children per teacher: 60
        • Number of white children per teacher: 22
    • The African National Republic (ANR)
      • A political party that came into power in 1994
      • Most popular politician: Nelson Mandela
      • The population hoped having a black president would bring equality
      • 2003 - protests against the ANC because the inequality was still increasing
      • They are still in power today
    • Economic changes with the ANC
      • They privatised state assets
        • This made the rich white richer and the poor black poorer
      • Exposure to global markets increased food prices
      • Increased use of machinery raised unemployment by 30%
      • Their economy has increased in recent years, however their development gap (between black and white people) is also still increasing.

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