Anglo-Saxon England and the Norman Conquest 1060-66

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  • Anglo-Saxon England and the Norman Conquest 1060-66
    • Anglo-Saxon Society
      • Although most Anglo-Saxons were free (except slaves), everyone had obligations and duties to someone higher up
      • The King was very powerful and made the laws governing England
      • Local government and local justice was administered by local people and officials
      • England had a strong economy and an effective tax system
    • The Last Years of Edward the Confessor and the Succession Crisis
      • The House of Godwin had become the real power behind the throne in England
      • Harold's embassy to Normandy and his decisions over Tostig had major consequence
      • Edward the Confessor died childless causing a succession crisis
    • The Rival Claimants for the Throne
      • The rival claimants to the English throne: Edgar Aethling, Harold Godwinson, Harald Hadrada and William of Normandy
      • Harold Godwinson acted quickly to claim the Throne, with the Witans support
      • Harold's preparations for the expected Norman invasion were thorough
      • Harald and Tostig's northern invasion was repulsed but had serious consequence
    • The Norman Invasion
      • It was timed to follow Harold's disbanding of the fyrd
      • An attack late in the year was very risky due to storms in the Channel
      • The Battle of Hastings lasted all day, suggesting the two armies were evenly matched
      • William's victory at the Battle of Hastings has many interlinking causes

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