The Norman conquest and impact

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  • Norman conquest
    • Type of war
      • war of ambition and conquest for the normans and their leader Duke William
      • For the English king Harold Godwinson it was also a war of ambition but when William attacked it became a war of defence and survival
        • Harold was defeated and killed at Hastings in oct 1066
    • Why was the Norman invasion successful?
      • Superior Forces
        • Normans had strong, experienced and disciplined archers, infantry and cavalry
        • Many of Harolds best housecarls were dead or wounded. Arches were left behind
      • Leadership
        • Saxons had to march south very quickly-187 miles in 4 days. Harold should have rested his army
        • William had fought many previous battles in France. He rested his army at Hastings
      • Luck
        • William waited for the winds to change direction which the had done by late Semptember
        • Harold was in the north at Battle of Stamford Bridge fighting king of Norway Harald Hardrada and Tostig
    • How did the Norman Conquest change England?
      • Political change
        • Norman ruling class were in control of England
        • Anglo-Saxonearls lost power and the Normans ran the government and church
        • Links to Norway and Sweden were ended
      • Social change
        • Norman-Frech language now used.
        • The feudal system was introduced and Normans controlled 96% of the land
        • Forest laws stopped the English hunting
        • increase in taxes to pay for the Norman army
      • Physical change
        • castles and cathedrals dominated the landscape
        • The normans built monasteries and new towns


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