America and USSR 1947-1957

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  • America and USSR
    • The Long telegrams 1946
      • Truman received worrying news from from Kennan who was in Russia when Stalin made a speech.
      • Stalin had given a speech calling for the destruction of capitalism.
      • There could be no peace with USSR while is was opposed to capitalism.
      • The USSR were building their military power up.
    • Novikov's Telegram 1946
      • Novikov sent a telegram to Stalin which was equally as concerning.
      • America desired to dominate the world.
      • Following Roosevelt's death, the American government were no long interested in co-operating with USSR.
      • The American public were being prepared for war with USSR.
    • The Marshall Plan 1947
      • The first strategy that American had planned to deal with communism was: military force.
      • The second plan was the Marshall Plan which committed $13 Billion of American money to rebuild Europe.
        • To apply for the American money, countries had to agree to trade fairly with America which helped the American economy.
    • The Truman Doctrine 1947
      • Truman asked the American military to assess the strength of USSR's army.
        • He learned USSR were in no position to start a war.
      • Truman believed USSR had a second strategy to conquer more territory without starting a war.
      • The Truman Doctrine stated:
        • the world had a choice between communist tyranny or democratic freedom.
        • America would send troops and economic resources to governments that felt threatened by communist
        • Communist should not be allowed to grow and gain territory.
      • The significance:
        • It suggested that America had a responsibility to protect the world, instead of the UN which marked the reversal of 'isolationism;.
        • It divided the world into capitalism and communism.
          • There would be no further co-operation between east and west and marked the unofficial end of the Grand Alliance.
  • Both governments believed they were facing the possibility of of a war
    • USSR believed a war with USA would be inevitable.
      • American ex solider believed Stalin was like Hitler and must be stopped.
    • Novikov's Telegram 1946
      • Novikov sent a telegram to Stalin which was equally as concerning.
      • America desired to dominate the world.
      • Following Roosevelt's death, the American government were no long interested in co-operating with USSR.
      • The American public were being prepared for war with USSR.
    • The Long telegrams 1946
      • Truman received worrying news from from Kennan who was in Russia when Stalin made a speech.
      • Stalin had given a speech calling for the destruction of capitalism.
      • There could be no peace with USSR while is was opposed to capitalism.
      • The USSR were building their military power up.

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