Aggression 1

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  • Created by: Chloe
  • Created on: 07-05-15 15:41
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  • Aggression 1
    • Intentional behavior aimed at doing harm or causing harm to another person
    • Physiological influences
      • Hypothalamus: -stabalises internal systems -Involuntary -Stimulation = increase aggression, Damage = reduces
      • Amygdala: -Produces/responds emotions -Cluster of neurons in temporal lobe -Part of limbic system associated with emotion -Stimulate= aggression, Block= not agressive
      • Seretonin: neurotransmitter which inhibits aggression
    • Testosterone: -Injected in male animals, increased aggression & territorial behaviour -Higher in violent prisoners
    • Agression & Development - Gender: babies cry & tantrum equally, 6m+ express anger, 2-3y express aggression -Hostile aggression becomes more verbal: female= alienation, male= confrontation
      • Teachers rated students as more deserving of punishment if it was female physical aggression, good student aggression or male physical aggression
        • Agression & Parenting: permissive parenting predicted higher social aggression across many years
      • Peer status & aggression: Low peer status = under or over estimation of social competence associated with higher physical aggression -Higher relational aggression when popular boys have accurate self perceptions & popular girls have extreme positive bias
    • Teen friends: increased relationaly aggressive talk = increase negative friendship quality across all relationships -Relational aggression= adaptive as well as maladaptive outcomes of adolescent friendhsip
    • Popularity of aggressor & target:: aggression towards highly disliked peer (easy target) or highly likes (challenging) -Aggression towards peers liked by many others has benefits: greater popularity of aggressor & no costs to aggrssor
      • Young women: - 1-2 friends, private, avoid conflict, aggression is ineffective & threatening -Young men:adolescent aggression more harmful (weapons), aggression to achieve status & stable over time
        • Girls & Violence: 10% identify as violent, 90% distance from label, might use violence but not a violent person
    • Adult aggression -Women: more verbally aggressive, when provoked similarly aggressive to men, more guilt & anxiety -Men: physically agressive, commit 10% of violent crime
      • Women & Expression: caring role = less power and a higher demand for self control, violence follows frustration
        • Men as Instrumental: -Functional: learned behavior to attain goal, -Power: social control, normative approval, territory

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