Aggression

HideShow resource information
What is the first theory of aggression?
Psychodynamic theory
1 of 36
What is the aggression part of the psychodynamic theory?
Innate 'death instinct' (thanatos)
2 of 36
What is thanatos directed at?
Self destruction
3 of 36
Who is this directed at as we develop?
others
4 of 36
what does the PT say about aggression?
It builds up naturally and must be released
5 of 36
What is the ethological perspective? and who is it by?
Lorenz, Aggression has survival value --> functional view of aggression
6 of 36
What is the dual factor theory?
Innate urge to aggress, Aggressive behaviour elicited by environmental stimuli
7 of 36
What is lorenz mapped to?
People (fighting instinct)
8 of 36
What is evolutionary social psychology?
It is where social behaviour is adaptive and helps the individual, kin and species to survive
9 of 36
What is aggressive behaviour allowed to do?
Evolve to allow to procreate and pass on genes to next generation
10 of 36
In humans, What can aggressive acts do?
Increase social and economic advantage
11 of 36
What is the social learning theory?
Observational learning; modelling; learning by vicarious experience
12 of 36
Who is Bandura, Ross and Ross and what did they do?
They did a study, where children watched an adult playing with a bobo doll
13 of 36
How many conditions are there?
4
14 of 36
What are they?
Observed real life aggressive model, observed aggressive model on film, film depicting an aggressive cartoon character, control group - no exposure to aggressive model
15 of 36
What did children who were exposed to the aggressive model show?
More aggression
16 of 36
What is the fustration-aggression hypothesis?
Aggression results having one goals thrawted
17 of 36
What happens if the target is too powerful, unavailable or not a person?
Displace aggressiong onto alternative target (SCAPEGOAT)
18 of 36
What did Berkowitz suggest?
fustration does not always lead to aggression
19 of 36
What else leads to aggression?
Aversive events, negative affects
20 of 36
What can situational cues lead to?
Intensify aggressive reactions resulting from barrier to goal attainment
21 of 36
What did Berkowtiz and LePage study?
Weapons's effect
22 of 36
What did participants receive?
Electric shocks from confederate
23 of 36
What were participants then given the oppurtunity?
administer shocks to confederate in presence or absence of weapons
24 of 36
What happens if angered?
More shocks were given in presence of weapons
25 of 36
What is the excitation transfer?
It is a function of 3 factors
26 of 36
What are these factors?
learnt aggressive behaviour, arousal or excitation from another source or person's interpretation of the arousal state - such that aggressive response seems appropriate
27 of 36
What is the first factor to influence aggression?
Type of personality
28 of 36
What did Carver and Glass sa?
more aggresive toward competitors
29 of 36
What is the 2nd factor to influence aggression?
Fustration and Provocation sensitivity
30 of 36
What is the 3rd factor to influence aggression?
Gender and socialisation,
31 of 36
For example?
Males more direct aggression, more physically aggressive, females more indirect aggression, gossiping
32 of 36
What are the next three factors influencing aggression?
Heat, Crowding, relative deprivation
33 of 36
What is disinhibition?
Breakdown in the learned controls against behaving impulsively or aggressively
34 of 36
What is deindividuation?
A process leading to disinhibition through presence of others and lack of identifiability
35 of 36
For example?
Mann's (1981) study of baiting behaviour by crowds in suicides in 1960s and 70s
36 of 36

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is the aggression part of the psychodynamic theory?

Back

Innate 'death instinct' (thanatos)

Card 3

Front

What is thanatos directed at?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Who is this directed at as we develop?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

what does the PT say about aggression?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Aggression resources »