explanatopns of gambling

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  • Created by: mollyb
  • Created on: 14-06-13 20:01
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  • Addiction and Gambling
    • does not involve a physical chemical substance but it has a very similar symptoms and can be just as addictive
    • Not all gamblers are addicts many only occasionally gamble, however 30% of those who are gambling addicts also suffer from alcohol problems. indicating some pathological gamblers have addictive personalities
    • Initiation: SLT
      • A large number of people in the UK play the national lottery, and 65% of adults played when the lottery was first launched.
        • provided people with an increased opportunities to learn gambling behaviours. in the UK the large number of fruit machines in pubs provides more opportunities for people to learn through observation of others winning money or being congratulated for winning money
    • Maintenance: Operant Conditioning
      • when a person wins it is a clear reward, which is stated to act as a reinforcement, increasing the likelihood of gambling again. Gambling also uses a VR schedule which has found to be particularly powerful in terms of a reward.
      • behaviours learnt on a VR schedule have been found to be the hardest to extinguish
      • Personality
        • been found to have a strong influence on gamblers showing high levels of impulsivity, sensation seeking and boredom
        • Loxton et al
          • studied chronic gamblers and found that they scored higher on measures of impulsivity and were focused on the rewards more than losses.
        • Bonnaire et al
          • sound that gamblers were more focused on sensation seeking and were more unerable to boredom than non-dependent gamblers. personality and genetic bias


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