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    • Max Weber: social action theory
      • Types of Action
        • instrumentally rational action
          • means of achieving a goal
        • value-rational action
          • goal actor regards as desirable
        • traditional action
          • customary, routine or habitual actions
        • affectual action
          • express emotion
    • Symbolic Interactionism
      • G.H. Mead
        • symbols versus instincts
        • taking the role of the other
      • Herbert Blumer
        • actions are based on meanings we give
          • meanings arise from the interaction process
        • meanings arise from the interaction process
        • meanings we give from interpretive procedures we use
      • Labelling Theory
        • the looking-glass self - Cooley
          • how we develop our self concept
          • see ourselves through eyes of others
          • label part of persons self concept
            • take on role of 'mental patient'
      • Goffman's Dramaturgical Approach
        • impression management
          • present an image to our audiences
        • roles
          • role distance between our real self self and our roles
    • Phenomenology
      • Husserl's Philosophy
        • world only makes sense bcos we impose meaning on it
      • Shutz's Phenomenological Sociology
        • typifications
          • meaning given to exp depends on its social context
        • the natural attitude
          • society appears to us as real
          • once society is socially constructed
            • takes on own life & becomes external reality
    • Ethnomethodology - Garfinkel
      • indexciality & reflexivity
        • nothing has fixed meaning
        • language as an example of reflexivity
      • experiments in disrupting social order
        • challenge people's taken-for-granted assumptions
      • Suicide and reflexivity
        • humans constantly strive to achieve patterns
          • patterns are just social constructs
    • Structure & Action
      • Giddens' Structuration Theory
        • duality of structure
          • neither can exsist without the other
        • reproduction of structures through agency
          • structure has two elements
            • rules - norms
            • resources - raw materials
        • change of structures through agency
          • 1. reflexively monitor our own action
          • 2. actions change the world - not as we intended with unintended consequence


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