A2 Comms and Culture

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  • A2 Comms and Culture
    • AS CONCEPTS
      • Communication
      • Culture
      • Context
      • Code
      • Identity
      • Representation
      • Power
        • control and influence over people and their actions (propaganda and hegemony)
      • Value
    • A2 CONCEPTS
      • Technology
        • all the things we are surrounded by daily
          • 'technological determination' -means that the developments are a primary source of social change and cultural perception.
      • Ideology
        • the dominant belief of the ruling party (bourgeoisie)
      • Modes Of Address
        • describes the way that a text 'speaks' to its audience
      • Narrative
        • in the ways that meanings can be constructed as stories
      • Discourse
        • a type of lanugae used by a specific group or in a certain context
    • THEORIES
      • Market Liberalism
        • Free Markets, Free trade, Laissez-faire
      • Feminism
      • Marxism
      • Queer Theory
      • Post-Colonialism
      • Structuralism/Post-Structuralism
    • KEY TERMS
      • Semiotics
      • Techno-culture
      • Convergence
      • 'Culture industries'
      • Communism
      • Base/Superstructure model
      • Dialectic
      • False consciousness
      • elitism
      • economic determinism
      • hegemony
      • Pseudo-Individualism
      • proletariat/bourgeoisie
      • binary oppositions
      • male-gaze
      • cultural relativism
      • polysemy
        • the capacity for a sign, or signs to have multiple meanings or a large semantic field. This is a pivotal concept within social sciences, such as media studies and linguistics.
      • Deconstruction
      • dialogism
      • bricolage
        • a term used in several disciplines to refer to the construction or creation of a work from a wide range of things which happen to be available or a work created by such a process.
      • Cultural Appropriation
      • cultural implosion
      • depthlessness
        • post-modernist Fred Jameson talks about a 'new depthlessness which finds its prolongation in contemporary and in new culture of the image'
      • globalisation
      • Hyperreality
      • Intertextuality
      • Metanarratives
      • Parody
      • Pastiche
      • 'Post modern' irony
      • simulacrum
        • likeness/similarity
      • Simulation
      • Biological determinism
      • Diaspora
      • Essentialism
      • Ethno-centrism
      • Hybridity
      • Imagined communities
      • Imperialism
      • Liminality
      • Marginalisation
      • Multiculturalism
      • Orientalism
      • Otherness
      • Subaltern classes
      • Tokenism
    • SITES OF CULTURE
      • SPACES AND PLACES
        • refers to the constructed environment which is any environment that ha meanings constructed in a cultural context
        • Melbourne - expectancy of familiarity which was disappointing
        • Amsterdam, Paris, Giant's Causeway in Northern Ireland
        • Minimalism/ Art Deco/ Art Nouveau
        • spatiality
      • FICTIONS
        • Diegesis
        • Todorov - Equilibrium Theory
          • He suggested that conventional narratives are structured in five stages: - state of equilibrium at the onset - disruption of the equilibrium by action -m recognition that there has been a disruption - attempt to repair - new equilibrium
        • Propp - Character Archetypes
          • distinctive character types and actions in all fictions
            • The Villain
            • The Helper
            • The Princess
            • The Dispatcher
              • Make s the lack known and sends the hero off
            • The Donor
              • Prepares the heros and gives him/her a magical object
            • The False Hero
              • Takes credit for the hero's actions
            • The Hero
        • Strauss - Binary Opposites
          • He recognised that most stories were developed by an opposite and difference in ideas causing a disruption
            • e.g. Heaven/Hell, Good/Evil, Life/Death, Rich/Poor
        • Barthes - Codes
          • The Somatic Code
            • The connotations of signs within a narrative - a descriptive code
          • The Enigma Code
            • the way tension is built up and the audience is left guessing what happens next.
      • OBJECTS OF DESIRE
        • Consumerism/Materialism
        • Thorstein Veblen - Conspicious Consumption
          • Practice of purchasing personal products for the attention and feedback of others meaning social status, and prestige is increased
        • Edward Bernays
          • TORCHES OF FREEDOM CAMPAIGN
        • Michel de Certeau
          • Consumers are not simply slaves to their subconscious
          • Consumer Savviness
          • Consumer Appropriation
        • Pierre Bourdieu
        • Frankfurt School
        • John Fiske
          • 'shopping malls are the opium of the people'
            • shopping experience akin to religious experience
              • it has mystic and sacred qualities that heal feelings of anguish and alienation
    • AS THEORISTS
      • Matthew Arnold
      • Erving Goffman
      • Roger's Concentric Circle Model
      • Johari Window
      • Basil Bernstein
      • Frankie and Queenie Leavis
    • A2 THEORISTS
      • MARXIST THEORISTS
      • FEMINIST THEORISTS
      • POST-MODERN/MODERNIST THEORISTS
      • POST-COLONIALIST THEORISTS
      • STRUCTURALIST/POST-STRUCTURALIST THEORISTS

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