3.2 organisational structures and different ways of working

  • Created by: hanfa
  • Created on: 05-11-20 19:16
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  • 3.2
    • different organisational structures:
      • tall structure: many layers of staff top to bottom, suitability: for large organisations like a hospital or amazon, non creative businesses
        • adv: clear lines of communication, managers tend to have small groups to be responsible for, opportunities for promotion, good for motivation
        • disadv: subordinates may feel too controlled, workers are less communicative and might not be supportive of others in the business
      • flat organisational structure: only a few layers, 2/3 suitable for creative businesses, and smaller businesses as workers can be more valued
        • adv: managers tend to delegate responsibilities they have responsibility for, which is good for motivation, workers are likely to talk to a wider range of colleagues, good to generate ideas.
        • disadv: not clear lines of communication so could miss out on info, managers would have many workers to oversee, promotion would be very unclear for workers
    • terminology used in organisation charts
      • authority: the power a person has to make decisions an give instructions to those they're in charge of. a line manager is someone in charge if other workers
      • subordinates: workers a line manager is in charge of
      • delegation: when a manager gives a subordinate responsibility to make certain decisions, for which the manager remains ultimately responsible.
      • chain of command: link in authority from those at the top to those at the bottom who have the least
      • span of control: the number of subordinates that a manager has authority over.
    • why businesses choose different organisational charts
      • different ways of working: depending on the tasks and the day to day of the business
      • different job roles and responsibilities: depending on what each worker has to do and what focus is best
      • importance of effective communication: organise in the way communication will work best
    • ways of working
      • temporary working: when a worker only works for an employer for short period of time sometimes on a short contract or on a day-to-day basis
        • disadv: business: may find it difficult to recruit workers when needed. worker: may find no work when they want it
        • adv: business: business only needs to employ them when needed worker: can work and earn for some time then have time off for holidays
      • flexible working: working partly at their own place of work and partly elsewhere to how it suits them
        • adv: business: motivation of workers who like flexibility. worker: work hours that suit them.
        • disadv: business: worker may not be able to work when needed worker: may not be offered as much work as they want
      • working from home: when workers complete work at their home
        • adv: business: save costs on office spaces. worker: saves money and time not having to travel to work
        • disadv: business: workers may not communicate well, reducing efficiency. worker: distractions at home and lack of social
      • part-time working: when a person works less than 35 hours a week
        • disadv: business: have to train more workers than if it just employed full time. workers: only get paid for hours they work, might need more income.
        • adv: business: worker can be asked at any time to work. worker: can work when it suits them
      • working whilst mobile: when people are working when on the move or on holiday
        • disadv: business: may not be able to monitor level of work done worker: may feel under pressure to work even whilst on holiday.
        • adv: business: benefits from workers working when their productive. worker: can make full use of their time.
      • full time working: when a person works 35+ hours a week
        • disadv: business: might have to pay worker even if no work is done. worker: tied to working expect from holiday periods.
        • adv: business: worker permanently available to the business. worker: paid for a full working week.
      • self-employment: when people work in their own business
        • adv: business: no need to pay them when no work is being done and no insurance and pension contribution. worker: being in control of earnings and their own business
        • disadv: business: may not work in the way businesses' employees are used to  worker: less job security may be times where there is no work or income


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