Word structure

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Morpheme
The smallest unit of language that expresses meaning or serves a grammatical function. Always a letter or group of letters
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Affix
Morphemes that have been added to the beginning or end of the word
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Free morphemes
Morphemes that stand alone as words. Words whose structure cannot be broken down any further
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Bound morphemes
Morphemes that cannot stand alone. They have to be attached to other morphemes. For example '-ful'
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Inflectional affixes
Used to indicate certain grammatical features, they are always suffixes. Purposes include, a word is plural, a word is possessive, a present tense verb is third person singular, a verb is in past tense and an adjective is a comparative or superlative
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Derivational affixes
Used to create new words by using prefixes, suffixes or a combination of both
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Derivational suffixes
Usually change the word class of the word they are added to. For example the verb 'sing' becomes a noun if we add 'er' to it.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Morphemes that have been added to the beginning or end of the word

Back

Affix

Card 3

Front

Morphemes that stand alone as words. Words whose structure cannot be broken down any further

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Morphemes that cannot stand alone. They have to be attached to other morphemes. For example '-ful'

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Used to indicate certain grammatical features, they are always suffixes. Purposes include, a word is plural, a word is possessive, a present tense verb is third person singular, a verb is in past tense and an adjective is a comparative or superlative

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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