Wittes' Policies, 1892-1903

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  • Created by: A. Person
  • Created on: 11-07-14 12:47
When were tariffs introduced?
1881
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What did Witte believe were the three main problems with the Russian economy?
Russia needed more foreign investment, a larger business class, and more peasants to move to cities to work in factories.
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Greater emphasis was placed on producing which materials?
Coal, Iron, and Steel
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What was obtained from foreign countries, such as France?
Loans
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Why were taxes on peasants increased?
To fund industrialisation
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What was built, in order to exploit Siberia economically?
The Trans-Siberian Railway
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When did Witte introduce laws to restrict working hours to 11.5 a day?
1897
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How much did industrial growth increase by each year, in the 1890s?
8 per cent
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Between which years did Russia receive 144 million roubles in foreign investment?
1897 and 1900
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By which year was the Trans-Siberian Railway almost complete?
1903
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What began to emerge in important cities?
Large factories
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St Petersburg's population was 1 million in 1890 - by which year did it reach approx. 2 million?
1914
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Where were resources increasingly exploited?
Siberia
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What did economic modernisation enable Russia to do?
Russia could equip its armed forces with sophisticated weaponry.
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What were the living conditions in the cities like, for the working classes?
Very poor
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What became more common in Russian cities?
Strikes
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What resulted in widespread anger?
Increased taxes on peasants
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What did Wittes' reforms fail to do?
They did not result in Russia overtaking other countries, such as Germany, economically.
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What per cent of national income did industry contribute, by 1913?
20 per cent
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What per cent of Russians lived in towns by 1913?
18 per cent
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By 1914, how many roubles did Russia owe foreign countries?
8 billion
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What failed to modernise?
The Russian political system
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Card 2

Front

What did Witte believe were the three main problems with the Russian economy?

Back

Russia needed more foreign investment, a larger business class, and more peasants to move to cities to work in factories.

Card 3

Front

Greater emphasis was placed on producing which materials?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What was obtained from foreign countries, such as France?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Why were taxes on peasants increased?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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