William Blake Context

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When was the Romantic era?
1800-1850
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What did the Romantics feel were most important in romantic relationships?
Passionate love and sexual desire
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Which historical event were the Romanticists sickened by?
The Industrial Revolution
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What did Thomas Paine say about London?
'A market where every man knows his price, and corruption is common traffic'
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What did Blake claim about brothels?
'Brothels are built with bricks of religion'
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How many prostitutes worked in London during the 18th century?
50,000
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What was printed in London for 30 years?
The List of Covent Garden Ladies
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What percentage of London prostitutes were infected with syphilis?
40%
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What kind of children's verse was in fashion in the 18th century?
'Improving', moralistic verse
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Who wrote 'A Token for Children'?
James Janeway
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Who wrote 'Divine and Moral Songs'?
Isaac Watts
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How were the majority of schools established?
Through the charity of wealthy benefactors
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What did the upper classes fear about educating the poor?
Thought it would upset the natural order, leading to revolution
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Which hospital, established in the 18thC, looked after the children of poor single mothers?
The Coram Hospital
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What took place on Holy Thursday?
The charity school children of London sang the praises of their benefactors in St Paul's Cathedral
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What does pastoral poetry generally explore?
The lives of shepherds, and the idyllic rural countryside
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What kind of tone is typical of pastoral?
Nostalgic, elegiac tone, looking back on a simpler 'golden age'
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What is the aim of anti-pastoral poetry?
Criticises pastoral mode for obscuring the real hardships faced by country dwellers
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What was Rousseau's view of education?
Children innocent from birth, corrupted by society; should be educated in countryside; taught to be their own master
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What was Locke's attitude towards education?
Infant's mind a blank slate, therefore early education essential.
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What did John Wesley believe about education?
Placed an emphasis on discipline and self-restraint... Children born sinful; education cleansed the soul
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Who was responsible for paying the 'poor rate'?
Local parishes
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How many workhouses existed in 1777?
1,916
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How many people were in the workhouses?
90,000
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Why was vagabond a derogatory term?
Parishioners did not want to support paupers who were passing through
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When did the Gin Craze occur?
Early half of the 18th C
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What did Daniel Defoe note about the Gin Craze?
the Distillers have found out a way to hit the palate of the Poor
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What did the Middlesex Magistrates believe about the alcohol problem?
They, and the wealthy members of society, blamed poverty on alcoholism.
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Card 2

Front

What did the Romantics feel were most important in romantic relationships?

Back

Passionate love and sexual desire

Card 3

Front

Which historical event were the Romanticists sickened by?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What did Thomas Paine say about London?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What did Blake claim about brothels?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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