What makes a healthy diet?

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What makes a healthy diet?
the correct amount of carbohydrates, protein, fats, vitamins, minerals, fibre and water
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Why do we need a healthy balanced diet?
If you don't have a balanced diet then you will end up malnourished. This is a disorder that is caused by your body not getting enough nutrition.
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How much energy do you need?
Males need more energy than females of the same age unless the female is pregnant.
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The metabolic rate?
You might need different amounts of energy compared to a friend of the same age/gender/size as you. This is because the rate of chemical reactions in your cells (metabolic rate)
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Obesity
If you intake more energy in than you use, the excess energy is stored as fat. Although you need somebody fat to cushion your internal organs.
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Losing weight
Reduce the amount of energy you take in by cutting back the amount of food you eat + EXERCISE MORE!
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Lack of food
Many people are under weight + malnourished because there is not enough food to eat. e.g civil wars (failed crops ), africa
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Pathogens & diseases
Infections and diseases are found all over the world e.g the common cold to killers e.g HIV/AIDS. These can enter and attack your body or they can be passed on by genes
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Direct contact
Spread by direct contact of the skin e.g herpes is spread sexually
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Droplet infection
When you cough, sneeze or talk you expel tiny droplets full of pathogens
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Through a break in skin
Pathogens passed through cuts or scratches or needle punctures
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Preventing microbes getting into your body
Your skin covers your body & acts as a barrier. It prevents bacteria & viruses from reaching the tissues beneath
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The white blood cells help aginst pathogens in several diffrent ways
Ingesting microorgranisms, producing antibodies, producing antoxins
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Antibiotics
Drugs can make us feel better but what we really need is drugs that cure us. Antibiotics kill germs inside the body.
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Vaccination
Thanks to these we can cure bacterial diseases that killed millons before in the past
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Why do we need a healthy balanced diet?

Back

If you don't have a balanced diet then you will end up malnourished. This is a disorder that is caused by your body not getting enough nutrition.

Card 3

Front

How much energy do you need?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

The metabolic rate?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Obesity

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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