USSR ; stalin exercise power over party + state ; stalin's power over

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in '24 how many politburo members were there?
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and those were?
bukharin / kamzino / kamenev / rykov / tomsky / trotsky / stalin
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by 1930 how many of these were left?
1 (stalin, as if you needed to be told)
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the others had been removed over which late '20s disputes?
economic policy
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who replaced them?
stalin's cronies?
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molotov + voroshilov
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so stalin could ensure what?
politburo all agreed with his policies
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as 1930s went on what happened to meetings of party institutions?
met less frequently as stalin increased conrotl
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in 1920s how often did politburo meet?
one a week
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but by mid '30s how many times a year?
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what did power become focused in that stalin could exercise further control over?
subgroups outside politburo
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what intimidating tactic would stalin use at important meetings?
walking around the room while others spoke
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what was there real fear of?
execution if saying something agreeable
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in the example of rychagov (commander airforce) what had he comlained about?
quality of aircraft
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what did this illustrate the failure of?
democratic institutions to develop
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what did the constitution seem to be at face value?
highly democratic
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who was to be given vote?
erry ussr citizen
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which meant who could now vote that couldn't before?
the bourgeois classes
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why did he allow this vote?
bc those classes apparently didnt exist anymore
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civil rights given like which three?
freedom of press / religion / organisation
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also guarantee of what, which differed from many capitalist countries?
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because ca countries were suffering from?
great depression
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but was it rlly democratic?
if you said yes just don't take the exam
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who were allowed to be candidates in elections?
only members of communist party
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government announced democratic political parties were just product of?
class conflicts generated by capitalisn
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so why did SU only need one party?
bc those conflicts no longer applied
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what did the wording of the constitution also hope to convinnce other countries like britain and france?
they had good democratic credentials
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which would make them good allies in what fight?
against nazis
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but what reality of the '30s convinced few observers of constitution claims?
the great purges
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- personal limits
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what was completely inhumanly possible?
for him to keep control of every issue ever
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because it was impossible for him to do what in a country the size of russia?
survey all necessary material to keep on top of events
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therefore this situation required stalin to do what?
prioritise focus on issues important to him
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- limits from w/in leadership
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molotov stayed loyal to stalin even when what happened with his wife?
she was imprisoned in the purges
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when did stalin want to execute ryutin?
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what happened with the politburo
they refused to agree
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and instead what happened?
sentenced to 10yrs in labour camp
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stalin's ambitious targets for which 5yp were considered too high?
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what did even members of the politburo feel these wouold lead to?
chaos and opposition
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so what was stalin forced to do?
hurriedly redraft with lower targets
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who was the popular leningrad party leader?
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and what did he possibly represent?
moderate faction in leadership
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secured more votes than stalin in elections to central committee in what event in which year?
party congress of '34
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what did some politburo members express concern over increasing use of?
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why didn't head of gosplay express these concerns when he almsot did?
died of heart attach in '35
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what did commissar for heavy industry raise objections to?
use of terror during politburo meetings
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how did stain try to unnerve him?
arresting and shooting his deputy
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then what happened to orzhonikidze in 1937?
officially heart attack but rlly suicide
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what happened to voroshilov and kalinin who were doubters?
became isolated in politburp
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- limits from below
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what did party members push for policies that would expand?
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in 1930 stalin published a statement chastising those w/in the party that were dizzy...?
'with success'
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in implementing what policy overzealously?
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also evidence of local level purges resulting as conflict between which two groups?
local Party members / regional authorities
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when did germany invade the soviet union?
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who undertook the co-ordination of the country's administration in the war?
State Defence Committee (GKO)
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who were military co-ordinated through?
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what reduced through war?
use of terror
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and what hapened to some generals like Zhukov and ex-party officials?
released from labour camp so expertise could be used for war effort
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party used propaganda often appealing to what for the war effort?
russian nationalism
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this had the effect of increasing stalin's power as he was presented as what?
symbol for unity
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when exactly did the germans invade?
22 june dawn '41
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what happened to stalin?
so shocked he seemed to have had a breakdown
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where did he go for several days?
his dacha (country villa)
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but who coaxed him into action?
polonius, oh sorry no i mean molotov basically the same person right
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what after the war was soviet victory often attributed to?
stalin the hero of the soviet ppl
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what were the last few yrs of stalin's rule concerned with after wwii?
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what was used to reinforce control after the relaxations of the war?
terror, i know, shocker right?
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and what were withdrawn?
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especially where?
orthodox church
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in '49 stalin celebrated which brithday?
his 70th
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what gave stalin the facade of enormous power?
his stupid cult of personality
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but what started to happen after the war?
his health declined and those around him were in rivalry for power + influence
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what did stalin increasingly rely on to divide rivals to power and minimise their threat?
political scheming
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immediately after the war what happened to stlain's old associates like molotov?
getting replaced by the younger generation
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among new generation politburo members who were two key rivals?
malenkov and beria
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what '51 event involved a purge of the georgian party removing some of beria's allied?
the mingrellian affair
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purge seemed to be targeted at what people?
mingrellian nationality
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who shared this nationality?
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stalin's manouvering at the party congress of which year also illustrates his tactics?
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what did he rename the politburo?
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and enlarged from 10 to how many members?
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evidence stalin was planning another large purge in 1953 entitled?
the doctors plot
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in what month were a group of doctors arrested?
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and accused of?
trynig to assassinate the leadership
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this doctors plot may have been a prelude of terror against which group?
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but most likely first step toward elimination of which rival?
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stalin's power within leadership had been in decline since what year?
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what could he only maintain his position through at that point?
terror and intrigue
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Other cards in this set

Card 2


in '24 how many politburo members were there?



Card 3


and those were?


Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


by 1930 how many of these were left?


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


the others had been removed over which late '20s disputes?


Preview of the front of card 5
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