USSR key dates - Topic 2

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War Communism introduced: nationalisation of industry, private trading was banned, military style discipline introduced in factories
1918
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NEP introduced: requisitioninig, no forced collectivisation, small scale industry returned to private hands, currency used to pay wages
1921
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Voluntary Collectivisation launched
December 1927
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Government carried out food requisitioning of grain due to food shortages
1928
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1st Five-Year Plan: focus on rapid industrilisation of the SU
1928-1932
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Good harvest and agriculture began to recover
1933
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4 million died during the process of collectivsation: liquidation of the Kulaks contributed to this
1933
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2nd Five-Year Plan: focus on heavy industry
1933-1938
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3rd Five-Year Plan: intended to focus on the production of consumer goods
1938-1941
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Drought: caused problems in agriculture
1946
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4th Five-Year Plan: economic reconstruction
1946-50
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Famine in Ukraine: caused problems in agriculture
1947
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Larger collectives promoted to make them easier to control and distribute machinery amongst
1949
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5th Five-Year Plan: set out to acheive a more realistic rate of growth
1951-1955
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Income of farmers doubled, but still remained far below those of industrial workers
1952-1958
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Food production increased by 51%
1953-1958
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Virgin Land Scheme introduced: encouraged the opening up of new areas to agricultural production
1954
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Individual collectives given greater powers to make decisions at local level in an attempt to increase productivity
1955
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Khrushchev set up 105 Regional Economic Councils to supervise enterprises
1957
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Target for grain production in Kazakhstan failed to be met; first sign the VLS was failing. As a result, had to import grain from North America and Australia
1959
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Working week reduced from 48 hours to 41
1960
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Seven-Year Plan: there was a shift from using coal to oil and gas as it was cheap and available in large quantities
1959-65
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Economic growth slowed
1964
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Kosygin, the prime minister, launched a series of reforms
1965
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9th Five-Year Plan: continued to push for greater consumer goods
1971-75
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Industrial complexes joined with scientific research institutions
1973
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System of targets further centralised
1974
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Economic growth in steady decline as quality was sacrificedf or quantity
1980s
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Card 2

Front

1921

Back

NEP introduced: requisitioninig, no forced collectivisation, small scale industry returned to private hands, currency used to pay wages

Card 3

Front

December 1927

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

1928

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

1928-1932

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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